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Writing Strong Research Questions | Criteria & Examples

Published on October 26, 2022 by Shona McCombes . Revised on January 30, 2023.

A research question pinpoints exactly what you want to find out in your work. A good research question is essential to guide your research paper , dissertation , or thesis .

All research questions should be:

Writing Strong Research Questions

Table of contents

How to write a research question, what makes a strong research question, using sub-questions to strengthen your main research question, research questions quiz, frequently asked questions about research questions.

You can follow these steps to develop a strong research question:

The way you frame your question depends on what your research aims to achieve. The table below shows some examples of how you might formulate questions for different purposes.

Using your research problem to develop your research question

Note that while most research questions can be answered with various types of research , the way you frame your question should help determine your choices.

Research questions anchor your whole project, so it’s important to spend some time refining them. The criteria below can help you evaluate the strength of your research question.

Focused and researchable

Feasible and specific, complex and arguable, relevant and original, prevent plagiarism. run a free check..

Chances are that your main research question likely can’t be answered all at once. That’s why sub-questions are important: they allow you to answer your main question in a step-by-step manner.

Good sub-questions should be:

Here are a few examples of descriptive and framing questions:

Keep in mind that sub-questions are by no means mandatory. They should only be asked if you need the findings to answer your main question. If your main question is simple enough to stand on its own, it’s okay to skip the sub-question part. As a rule of thumb, the more complex your subject, the more sub-questions you’ll need.

Try to limit yourself to 4 or 5 sub-questions, maximum. If you feel you need more than this, it may be indication that your main research question is not sufficiently specific. In this case, it’s is better to revisit your problem statement and try to tighten your main question up.

The way you present your research problem in your introduction varies depending on the nature of your research paper . A research paper that presents a sustained argument will usually encapsulate this argument in a thesis statement .

A research paper designed to present the results of empirical research tends to present a research question that it seeks to answer. It may also include a hypothesis —a prediction that will be confirmed or disproved by your research.

As you cannot possibly read every source related to your topic, it’s important to evaluate sources to assess their relevance. Use preliminary evaluation to determine whether a source is worth examining in more depth.

This involves:

A research hypothesis is your proposed answer to your research question. The research hypothesis usually includes an explanation (“ x affects y because …”).

A statistical hypothesis, on the other hand, is a mathematical statement about a population parameter. Statistical hypotheses always come in pairs: the null and alternative hypotheses . In a well-designed study , the statistical hypotheses correspond logically to the research hypothesis.

Writing Strong Research Questions

Formulating a main research question can be a difficult task. Overall, your question should contribute to solving the problem that you have defined in your problem statement .

However, it should also fulfill criteria in three main areas:

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Dissertations & projects: Research questions

On these pages:

“The central question that you ask or hypothesis you frame drives your research: it defines your purpose.” Bryan Greetham, How to Write Your Undergraduate Dissertation

This page gives some help and guidance in developing a realistic research question. It also considers the role of sub-questions and how these can influence your methodological choices. 

Choosing your research topic

You may have been provided with a list of potential topics or even specific questions to choose from. It is more common for you to have to come up with your own ideas and then refine them with the help of your tutor. This is a crucial decision as you will be immersing yourself in it for a long time.

Some students struggle to find a topic that is sufficiently significant and yet researchable within the limitations of an undergraduate project. You may feel overwhelmed by the freedom to choose your own topic but you could get ideas by considering the following:

Choose a topic that you find interesting . This may seem obvious but a lot of students go for what they think will be easy over what they think will be interesting - and regret it when they realise nothing is particularly easy and they are bored by the work. Think back over your lectures or talks from visiting speakers - was there anything you really enjoyed? Was there anything that left you with questions?

Choose something distinct . Whilst at undergraduate level you do not have to find something completely unique, if you find something a bit different you have more opportunity to come to some interesting conclusions. Have you some unique experiences that you can bring: personal biography, placements, study abroad etc?

Don't make your topic too wide . If your topic is too wide, it will be harder to develop research questions that you can actually answer in the context of a small research project.

Don't make your work too narrow . If your topic is too narrow, you will not be able to expand on the ideas sufficiently and make useful conclusions. You may also struggle to find enough literature to support it.

Scope out the field before deciding your topic . This is especially important if you have a few different options and are not sure which to pick. Spend a little time researching each one to get a feel for the amount of literature that exists and any particular avenues that could be worth exploring.

Think about your future . Some topics may fit better than others with your future plans, be they for further study or employment. Becoming more expert in something that you may have to be interviewed about is never a bad thing!

Once you have an idea (or even a few), speak to your tutor. They will advise on whether it is the right sort of topic for a dissertation or independent study. They have a lot of experience and will know if it is too much to take on, has enough material to build on etc.

Developing a research question or hypothesis

Research question vs hypothesis.

First, it may be useful to explain the difference between a research question and a hypothesis. A research question is simply a question that your research will address and hopefully answer (or give an explanation of why you couldn't answer it). A hypothesis is a statement that suggests how you expect something to function or behave (and which you would test to see if it actually happens or not).

Research question examples

Note that these are open questions - i.e. they cannot be answered with a simple 'yes' or 'no'. This is the best form of question.

Hypotheses examples

Note that these are things that you can test to see if they are true or false. This makes them more definite then research questions - but you can still answer them more fully than 'no they don't' or 'yes it does'. For example, in the above examples you would look to see how relevant other factors were when choosing universities and in what ways physical health may be impacted.

For more examples of the same topic formulated as hypotheses, research questions and paper titles see those given at the bottom of this document from Oakland University: Formulation of Research Hypothesis

Which do you need?

Generally, research questions are more common in the humanities, social sciences and business, whereas hypotheses are more common in the sciences. This is not a hard rule though, talk things through with your supervisor to see which they are expecting or which they think fits best with your topic.

What makes a good research question or hypothesis?

Unless you are undertaking a systematic review as your research method, you will develop your research question  as a result of reviewing the literature on your broader topic. After all, it is only by seeing what research has already been done (or not) that you can justify the need for your question or your approach to answering it. At the end of that process, you should be able to come up with a question or hypothesis that is:

You can try a few out, using a table like this (yours would all be in the same discipline):

A similar, though different table is available from the University of California: What makes a good research topic?   The completed table has some supervisor comments which may also be helpful.

Ultimately, your final research question will be mutually agreed between yourself and your supervisor - but you should always bring your own ideas to the conversation.

The role of sub-questions

Your main research question will probably still be too big to answer easily. This is where sub-questions come in. They are specific, narrower questions that you can answer directly from your data.

So, looking at the question " How much do online users know and care about how their self-images can be used by Apple, Google, Microsoft and Facebook? " from the table above, the sub-questions could be:

The main research question is the overarching question with the subquestions filling in the blanks

Together, the answers to your sub-questions should enable you to answer the overarching research question.

How do you answer your sub-questions?

Depending on the type of dissertation/project your are undertaking, some (or all) the questions may be answered with information collected from the literature and some (or none) may be answered by analysing data directly collected as part of your primary empirical research .

In the above example, the first question would be answered by documentary analysis of the relevant terms and conditions, the second by a mixture of reviewing the literature and analysing survey responses from participants and the last two also by analysing survey responses. Different projects will require different approaches.

Some sub-questions could be answered from the literature review and others from empirical study

Some sub-questions could be answered by reviewing the literature and others from empirical study.

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Qualitative Research Questions

Question Mark in Red circle

What’s in a Qualitative Research Question?

Qualitative research questions are driven by the need for the study. Ideally, research questions are formulated as a result of the problem and purpose, which leads to the identification of the methodology. When a qualitative methodology is chosen, research questions should be exploratory and focused on the actual phenomenon under study.

From the Dissertation Center, Chapter 1: Research Question Overview , there are several considerations when forming a qualitative research question. Qualitative research questions should

Below is an example of a qualitative phenomenological design. Note the use of the term “lived experience” in the central research question. This aligns with phenomenological design.

RQ1: “ What are the lived experiences of followers of mid-level managers in the financial services sector regarding their well-being on the job?”

If the researcher wants to focus on aspects of the theory used to support the study or dive deeper into aspects of the central RQ, sub-questions might be used. The following sub-questions could be formulated to seek further insight:

RQ1a.   “How do followers perceive the quality and adequacy of the leader-follower exchanges between themselves and their novice leaders?”

RQ1b.  “Under what conditions do leader-member exchanges affect a follower’s own level of well-being?”

Qualitative research questions also display the desire to explore or describe phenomena. Qualitative research seeks the lived experience, the personal experiences, the understandings, the meanings, and the stories associated with the concepts present in our studies.

We want to ensure our research questions are answerable and that we are not making assumptions about our sample. View the questions below:

How do healthcare providers perceive income inequality when providing care to poor patients?

In Example A, we see that there is no specificity of location or geographic areas. This could lead to findings that are varied, and the researcher may not find a clear pattern. Additionally, the question implies the focus is on “income inequality” when the actual focus is on the provision of care. The term “poor patients” can also be offensive, and most providers will not want to seem insensitive and may perceive income inequality as a challenge (of course!).

How do primary care nurses in outreach clinics describe providing quality care to residents of low-income urban neighborhoods?

In Example B, we see that there is greater specificity in the type of care provider. There is also a shift in language so that the focus is on how the individuals describe what they think about, experience, and navigate providing quality care.

Other Qualitative Research Question Examples

Vague : What are the strategies used by healthcare personnel to assist injured patients?

Try this : What is the experience of emergency room personnel in treating patients with a self-inflicted household injury?

The first question is general and vague. While in the same topic area, the second question is more precise and gives the reader a specific target population and a focus on the phenomenon they would have experienced. This question could be in line with a phenomenological study as we are seeking their experience or a case study as the ER personnel are a bounded entity.

Unclear : How do students experience progressing to college?

Try this : How do first-generation community members describe the aspects of their culture that promote aspiration to postsecondary education?

The first question does not have a focus on what progress is or what students are the focus. The second question provides a specific target population and provides the description to be provided by the participants. This question could be in line with a descriptive study.

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Research Topics & Ideas: Healthcare

100+ Healthcare Research Topic Ideas To Fast-Track Your Project

Healthcare-related research topics and ideas

Finding and choosing a strong research topic is the critical first step when it comes to crafting a high-quality dissertation, thesis or research project. If you’ve landed on this post, chances are you’re looking for a healthcare-related research topic , but aren’t sure where to start. Here, we’ll explore a variety of healthcare-related research ideas and topic thought-starters across a range of healthcare fields, including allopathic and alternative medicine, dentistry, physical therapy, optometry, pharmacology and public health.

NB – This is just the start…

The topic ideation and evaluation process has multiple steps . In this post, we’ll kickstart the process by sharing some research topic ideas within the healthcare domain. This is the starting point, but to develop a well-defined research topic, you’ll need to identify a clear and convincing research gap , along with a well-justified plan of action to fill that gap.

If you’re new to the oftentimes perplexing world of research, or if this is your first time undertaking a formal academic research project, be sure to check out our free dissertation mini-course. In it, we cover the process of writing a dissertation or thesis from start to end. Be sure to also sign up for our free webinar that explores how to find a high-quality research topic.

Overview: Healthcare Research Topics

Allopathic (Conventional) Medicine

Topics & Ideas: Alternative Medicine

Topics & Ideas: Dentistry

Webinar - How to find a research topic

Tops & Ideas: Veterinary Medicine

Topics & Ideas: Physical Therapy/Rehab

Topics & Ideas: Optometry & Opthalmology

Topics & Ideas: Pharmacy & Pharmacology

Topics & Ideas: Public Health

Examples: Healthcare Dissertation & Theses

While the ideas we’ve presented above are a decent starting point for finding a healthcare-related research topic, they are fairly generic and non-specific. So, it helps to look at actual dissertations and theses to see how this all comes together.

Below, we’ve included a selection of research projects from various healthcare-related degree programs to help refine your thinking. These are actual dissertations and theses, written as part of Master’s and PhD-level programs, so they can provide some useful insight as to what a research topic looks like in practice.

Looking at these titles, you can probably pick up that the research topics here are quite specific and narrowly-focused , compared to the generic ones presented earlier. This is an important thing to keep in mind as you develop your own research topic. That is to say, to create a top-notch research topic, you must be precise and target a specific context with specific variables of interest . In other words, you need to identify a clear, well-justified research gap.

Need more help?

If you’re still feeling a bit unsure about how to find a research topic for your healthcare dissertation, thesis or research project, check out our private coaching services below.

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Table of Contents

Intention of Writing Research Questions

What are your aims, and what are your expected research outcomes? Do you intend to describe something, determine differences, or explain the causes of a phenomenon?

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Three Primary Research Outcomes

Research outcome number 1. come up with a description., 3 examples of research questions that entail description, research outcome number 2. determine differences between variables., 2 examples of research questions to determine difference, non-directional, directional.

Research Outcome Number 3 . Find out correlations or relationships between variables.

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Explore Our Top Cultural Research Paper Topics

Updated 10 Nov 2022

Culture is a broad term that covers an endless number of possibilities for crafting research topics. You can view it as a global aspect and write a research paper about culture inherent in all of humanity.

On the other hand, you may focus on answering some particular research questions about culture for a specific state or region, e.g., the local community you live in. Another possibility is to compare two cultures and learn about beautiful ethnic differences.

Whichever the case, writing a cultural research paper will open a unique world for us where we can view humanity on a more in-depth level and decipher what is inherent in each culture. Since the options for cultural research paper topics are numerous, it’s essential to choose the one that will catch the reader’s attention.

If the topic is too broad or too narrow, the reader will either get lost in the process of reading or end up lacking crucial information regarding your topic. Therefore, to be sure that we satisfy our readers, we must pay close attention to choosing the right topic. Let’s see how.

How to Choose Interesting Cultural Research Paper Topics

Here are a couple of tips on how to choose an interesting topic. Before the writing process, you should consider the following:

List of Culture Research Topics

Here’s a list of 20 interesting and somewhat general topics about culture everyone can find something suitable from:

Essay Examples Relevant to Culture

Cultural Diversity Research Paper Topics

The more people, countries and religions are on the planet, the greater the diversity. When choosing a title from this list, make sure to look wider.

Save your time with free essay samples on Cultural Diversity

Cultural anthropology research paper topics.

Here, you’ll find a list of 10 ideas for research paper about culture that are concentrated on anthropological aspect:

Subculture Research Ideas

Essay Examples Relevant to Subculture

Pop Culture Research Topics

Essay Examples Relevant to Pop Culture

Socio-Cultural Essay Topics

Here are ten exciting socio-cultural ideas. If you’re interested in comparing a community’s social and moral aspects, choose one title from this list as a basis.

Essay Examples Relevant to Socio-Cultural

Cultural Phenomena Topics

Essay Examples Relevant to Cultural Phenomena

Cultural Psychology Research Topics

Western Civilization Essay Topics

Essay Examples Relevant to Western Civilization

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Examples of Good and Bad Research Questions

Examples of Good and Bad Research Questions

As you prepare to write your essay or thesis, use these examples of good and bad research questions to make sure you are on the right track. Start with a problem statement about the area you want to study, and then create research questions and hypotheses to learn more. These good and bad examples will demonstrate the qualities you need for an effective research question.

Questions Should Have Complex Answers

A simple question gets a simple answer. And a simple answer will not be enough information for a thesis. How you ask the question is important. Avoid questions that can be answered with "yes" or "no" or a single word or phrase.

With this "bad" question, the answer is a simple "yes" or "no." However, when you ask about the specific ways a pet can improve the quality of life for its owner, you get a much more detailed and interesting answer. This type of answer allows you create a thesis statement.

Good Research Questions Need Focus

A good research question should be focused on a single topic or on several closely related ideas. If it isn't, you won't end up with a good thesis. If a question is too general or doesn't stay on one topic, you can fix it by deciding which part of the topic you want to research.

Instead of covering both ADHD medication and exercise as topics, the good question focuses on medication only. It's also more specific about the age of the students. The answer to this question will provide a good thesis.

You Can Answer a Good Question

It's possible to ask a really interesting question and not be able to find the answer. Don't forget that your reason for asking this question is to come up with a really great answer - one on which you'll be able to build a paper or project. If you can't answer it, you can't write a paper or do the project.

You can keep the same topic but change the question to be something you have the ability to answer within the time period and using the resources available to you.

Good Questions Don't Ask for Opinions

As you write your question, think about the answer you want to receive. An opinion or value judgement isn't a good start for a strong research paper or project. Instead, you want to create a thesis based on data and objective evidence.

Asking which national park is the best does not provide a thesis that can serve as the basis for a project or essay. It only asks for an opinion. However, you can use visitor data and lists of park features to answer the better version of this question.

Questions Should Be Specific

As you write your question, make it as specific as possible. This will give you a more detailed answer - one that is strong enough to be the topic of your project or paper.

By specifying which artificial sweetener and which people, the question is easier to answer with facts. These facts help form a strong, focused thesis and they also lend support to your work.

Good Research Questions Are Original

If you ask a question that's already been answered a thousand times before, you're only doing research that someone else has already done. This doesn't provide you with a good thesis. Instead, ask a question with an original slant to it.

Many people have studied the topic of cell phone use in schools, and it's easy to find information about the advantages and disadvantages . A more interesting perspective on the same topic is to examine how the restriction of cell phones affects students' interactions with one another.

A Good Question Doesn't Ask Why

If you're writing interview questions or planning to talk with a source for a feature article, "why" questions are great because of how open-ended they are . However, when you're writing a research question, that open-endedness is the opposite of what you need. You need a question that has a clear and specific answer.

By changing the "why" question to a "how" question, you're asking for specifics instead of a vague opinion. This will help you create a much stronger thesis statement for your research paper.

Great Questions Need Research

If you can answer a research question without doing much research, it's a bad question. It's better to formulate your question so that you need to dig a little to answer it. If you can answer with a simple web search, you need a more complex question.

A quick search can answer the initial question here. The revised question, by contrast, requires more digging around to find an adequate answer.

Good Research Questions Are Open to Debate

It's easy to write a research paper or do a project about something that isn't controversial, but you likely won't be creating anything new. Instead, ask a research question about something that has multiple sides. That way, the research you do and details you include will have more impact.

Everyone knows illicit drugs are bad for kids, but people will disagree about which education strategies actually help. You'll need to dig for data to back up your answer to this question, since some people will not agree with you.

You Can Answer Good Questions With Sources

A good research question can be answered with primary sources or secondary sources . It doesn't ask for an opinion or require a guess. If you look for support for the answer, the research is out there.

Testing mice for intelligence will give you a primary source for answering this question, and looking at records summarizing longevity will provide a secondary source. Because the question is specific, you can answer it with good research sources.

Brush Up on Academic Writing Skills

Whether you're writing an APA-style research paper , planning a project for a class, or simply practicing creating research questions and hypotheses, it's important to brush up on your academic writing skills . Effective academic writing will help you answer your research question in a way that is compelling to the reader or audience, giving you the best grade possible.

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Developing a Good Research Question

Developing a good research question is the key to getting your dissertation done efficiently and to making an original contribution to your discipline. Your dissertation question should meet six criteria.

Identify the Theoretical Construct

A good research question should clearly identify the theoretical construct you are studying. For example, if you are interested in figuring out the processes by which parents transmit their political perspectives to their children, the theoretical construct you are studying is "transmission of political perspectives." If you are interested in how technology innovations in teaching improve student performance, your theoretical concept is "effectiveness of innovation." Notice that the theoretical construct is the phenomenon, event or experience you want to learn more about.

Recognize the Theoretical Construct

A research question should contain some suggestion of recognizability of the theoretical construct. This means that the research question articulates the theoretical construct in a way that is specific enough so you will know it when you see it as you are coding for it in your data. In other words, it supplies a clear unit of analysis that allows you to tell the difference between that construct and other constructs relatively easily. To accomplish recognizability, you should word the construct in a way that is concrete and specific.

Perhaps an example will help clarify this idea of recognizability. A student started her dissertation planning with a theoretical construct of "the experience of nontraditional women in college." While certainly an important construct, it is too large because the student would have a difficult time recognizing the construct in the data. It involves a potentially large number of different constructs, including women's experiences of raising children while going to school, degree of support from family members, responses of other students, educational accomplishments, emotions the women experience, and on and on and on. There is virtually nothing having to do with nontraditional women college students that would not count as part of the construct of "the experience of nontraditional women in college."

A more specific theoretical construct would be "nontraditional women's experiences of discrimination in the classroom" or "nontraditional women's use of support services on campus." The recognizability here is that the theoretical construct is focused on one aspect of nontraditional women's experiences and allows the student to discriminate between it and other constructs that are a part of nontraditional women's experiences in college. As you formulate your research question, think about how you will code data with that question, looking for examples of the theoretical construct you are considering featuring in your research question. Will you be able to locate it and distinguish it easily from other constructs that appear in your data?

Transcendence of Data

Your research question should meet the criterion of transcendence of data. Except in a few instances, your research question should not include mention of the specific data you are using to investigate your question. Many different kinds of data can be used to answer your question, so don't confine it to the one type of data you plan to study. You want your question to be more abstract than those specific data.

For example, if you want to study resistance strategies used by marginalized groups to challenge institutions, you can use as your data a social movement, works of art by politically motivated artists, the songs sung by union organizers, or the strategies used by Mexican immigrants to improve their status in the United States, to name a few. You want your study to contribute to a significant theoretical conversation in your field, and it can do that more easily if your question is not tied to one particular kind of data. A research question on the topic of resistance that transcends the data, then, might be, "What is the nature of the resistance strategies used by subordinate groups in their efforts to challenge hegemonic institutions?"

As an example where the criterion of transcendence of data was violated in a research question, consider the proposal of a theoretical construct of "accounting practices used in children's theatres in Detroit." Here, a theoretical construct is the same as the data. The student is conflating the construct in the research question with the data used to answer the question. As a result, the story has limited interest to other readers. The students certainly could collect data for a study concerning accounting practices in children's theatre groups in Detroit, but the construct should be larger than that. Perhaps it could be something like "accounting practices in nonprofit arts organizations."

There are a few kinds of dissertation where the criterion of transcendence of data in the research question does not apply. These are dissertations in which researchers want to find out about a particular phenomenon, so the research is specifically about that phenomenon. For example, someone who is interested in the strategies used by Alcoholics Anonymous to attract members would want to include Alcoholics Anonymous in the research question. In this case, the researcher sees something unique and significant about that particular organization, in contrast to other treatment approaches, and sets out to understand it specifically.

There are some fields, too, where the data are typically included in the research question in dissertations. History is one. Dissertations in this field are about a particular place and time, and their purpose is to explore that place and time. Thus, those particulars are included in the theoretical construct of the research question. For example, a research question for a history dissertation might be, "How was a counter-culture identity sustained in Humboldt County, California, in the 1980s and 1990s?" The discipline of English is another one where research questions may include mention of data. Scholars in English are often interested in a writer or group of writers or a particular type of literature, and those would be included in the research question. An example is: "How do troll images function in the narratives of Scandinavian writers between 1960 and 1990?"

Contribute to Understanding the Construct

Your research question should identify your study's contribution to an understanding of the theoretical construct. Your research question should name what happens to the theoretical construct in your study and what you are doing with it in your study or what interests you about it. This contribution should be developed from the theoretical conversations in your discipline and should reflect a specialized knowledge of your discipline. For example, the new contribution you might be making is to begin to suggest the communication processes by which political beliefs are transmitted within families. You know that such beliefs (the theoretical construct) get transmitted. Your new contribution will be to explain some of the processes by which the transmission happens. Meeting this criterion in your research question forecasts the contributions to the discipline you'll discuss in your conclusion.

The Capacity of Surprise

Your research question should have the capacity to surprise. You should not already know the answer to the research question you're asking. You want to be surprised by what you find out. If you already know the answer to your question, you don't need to do the study. Moreover, if you know the answer, you aren't really doing research. Instead, you are selecting and coding data to report on and advocate for a position you already hold.

So, for example, using the data of immigrant narratives, a research question might be, "How do traumatic events produce long-term negative effects on individuals?" This already assumes that immigration inevitably traumatizes individuals and there are no possibilities other than to experience immigration negatively. There is not likely to be any surprise in the findings because the question articulated what was expected. Continuing in this direction, one could have found examples of negative effects, but the contribution to the discipline (and future ability to publish) would have been greatly diminished.

A research question that is robust has the capacity to generate complex results. Your question should have the capacity to produce multiple insights about various aspects of the theoretical construct you are exploring. It should not be a question to which the answer is "yes" or "no" because such an answer is not a complex result. Research questions that typically produce robust findings often begin with:

You undoubtedly have seen dissertations or journal articles in which there is more than one research question. Should you have more than one question in your study? Maybe, but it is discouraged. In some cases, studies contain more than one question because researchers have not thought carefully enough about what they want to find out. As a result, they take a scattershot approach and try to get close to the question they want to answer by asking about many things. A better approach is to aim for one research question and to think carefully about what it is. Refine it sufficiently so that it really gets at the key thing you want to find out.

Another reason studies sometimes include many research questions is because students confuse research questions with the questions they will use as prompts for coding their data. The many research questions are really just guides for coding data. In one study about online chat rooms and whether they have the capacity for deep culture, you may find this list of research questions:

These questions are not separate research questions as much as they are questions that the researcher will use to guide an analysis of the data. They are methodological guidelines that will help in the coding of the data. Remember that a research question is what the dissertation is about. It produces the title of the dissertation.

There are some cases when more than one research question is warranted. When a study has more than one research question, it tends to be when basic information about a theoretical construct does not exist, and you need to know basic information before you can investigate a process that characterizes the construct.

Be sure to spend time making sure your research question is a good one before you get too far along in your study.

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Trending Dissertation Topics & Ideas For 2022-2023

Our writers have produced a list of the best unique and latest dissertation topics for 2022-2023 on various subjects that ‘you can use absolutely free!

On this page, you will find dissertation research topics on subjects including marketing , business , operations management , engineering management , project management , science , history , climate change , LGBTQ , ecology , sports , sociology , psychology , philosophy , cryptocurrency , Facebook , Twitter , Snap Chat , Instagram , finance & accounting , tourism , literature , photography , and more.

You will find the complete list below.

Just select the topic you want to use, and let us know if you would like our expert writers to develop a proposal or a dissertation paper on it. Or you can order one free unique custom dissertation topic from here to get started.

Our dissertation writers can suggest interesting research topics and also provide a plan outline on your chosen topic to help you kickstart your project. They can also help you with all other parts of the dissertation including the literature review , statistical analysis , and more. Just fill out our simple order form to get started!

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At Research Prospect, we have been providing free and new dissertation topics to students for the last decade. Fill out our simple free dissertation topics form to claim your free dissertation topic within 24 hours.The free dissertation topic we will deliver to your email address will:

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Environment, business, finance & management, health & nursing, geography & politics, fashion & media, science & engineering, view our dissertation topics & proposal samples.

Our new dissertation topics are unique and the dissertations are 100% plagiarism-free.

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Dissertation Topic Examples

Here are some dissertation topics examples for you so you know what you can expect from our experts when you order a free dissertation topic from Research Prospect

Topic 1: Management Quality and Control- Assessing the role of project length in the UK Construction sector.

Research Aim: The construction industry is one of the most significant contributors to the country’s economy. This study investigates the role of project length on management control and quality in the UK’s construction sector. Also, the research will analyse the connection between project length and quality control, considering the moderating impact of management quality control on a project’s success.

Topic 2: Investigating how the Tourism Industry has taken Green and Sustainable measures- A case study of UK

Research Aim: This study will investigate the various aspects of the UK tourism industry towards making green and sustainable measures for the environmental benefits. It will also look into the consumer’s perspective towards green tourism and its positive and negative impacts on the tourism industry and the tourists. It is also helping you develop a better understanding of the concept of a green environment and its influence on the tourism industry.

Topic 3: Assessing the role of Communication Strategies in Fashion Marketing- a case study of UK

Research Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of communication strategies in the world of UK fashion marketing. This will also give us an understanding of how new fashion remanufacturing should be communicated to the consumers. Focusing on how information and messages about the brands or products should be labelled to attract the audience.

Topic 4: Building demolition- Analyse the efficacy of destroying and ruining Big city structures and their impact on the traffic.

Research Aim: Many big cities around the world have demolished a vast number of buildings that were functional with new structures. It not only has an economic impact but also results in the loss of urban culture, harms the environment, cause pollution, and also worsen the traffic situation. This study will evaluate the merits of building demotion and will provide economic, technical and environmental input.

Topic 5: Assessing the relationship between Information Protection and Journalism, how does the Data Protection Act of 1998 affect the problem of people in Media Exposure?

Research Aim: This study will examine how the Data protection act of 1998 plays an important role in protecting information. This study will provide vital knowledge by collecting information from the directors’ of a few media associations. Discussions with media members can also help in gaining an understanding of the actual circumstances in which material obtained by journalism should be protected.

Topic 6: An investigation of the blockchain's application on the energy sector leading towards electricity production and e-mobility.

Research Aim: This study aims to investigate the applications of blockchain within the energy sector. This study will identify how blockchain can be used to produce electricity from the comfort of home. Moreover, this study aims to introduce the concept of e-mobility through blockchain, according to which blockchain can be used to share the car ride with the other commuters residing at nearby places. Another objective of this research is to develop a framework that could assess blockchain’s use for the consumers staying within a budget and letting them assess how much money they have been spending so far.

Topic 7: Increasing Bitcoin Privacy and Security- Assessing the Role and Implementation of Confidential Transactions.

Research Aim: A confidential transfer is a technology that allows users to protect their money values from the public using new crypto techniques. The study aims to determine if confidential transactions can provide secret, secure as well as financial privacy. As a result, it is crucial to examine the function of confidential transactions in order to ensure that no digital currency is lost or produced when a transaction occurs without disclosing the precise number of transfers.

Topic 8: An analysis of the novel waste management techniques- A case study of United Kingdom oil and gas sector.

Research Aim: This study analyses the novel waste management techniques and practices in the UK oil and gas sector. It will also identify the challenges facing the oil and gas sector in achieving sustainable management of all the waste from production. This study aims to determine different forms of E and P waste being generated and reduce harmful E and P waste by using technology, focusing on the policies made by the government regarding hazardous waste from the oil and gas industry.

Topic 9: Assessing the parental perceptions and attitude towards the adoption of healthy behaviour patterns to control obesity and overweight concerns in young children.

Research Aim: This study aims to analyse the parent’s perceptions and attitudes in relation to healthy behaviours practises to control obesity and overweight disorders in young children. It will also focus on the obstacles parents or caregivers experience when it comes to obesity control in young children.

Topic 10: What are the Environmental Impacts of Water Waste Treatment of Cement Industry in South Korea?

Research Aim: This study aims to find the environmental impacts of water waste treatment of the cement industry in South Korea. With the help of a comprehensive survey across the cement manufacturing companies in South Korea, this study will first scrutinize the entire waste treatment process in the cement industry in South Korea. Then it will analyze the impact of each step on the environment. And after analyzing find the environmental effects of the water waste treatment of the cement industry in South Korea, this study will recommend modern ways to reduce the adverse effects.

Topic 11: Politics in a Digital Age- Assessing the impact of Social Media on Public Participation and Political Campaigns.

Research Aim: This study aims to find how the public has utilised social media during elections or political campaigns. This study will also focus on the impact of social networking sites on popular participation in the electoral vote and political debate. This research study will also investigate the effects of new technologies and the digital era on media and political party campaigns and media activities during elections.

Topic 12: The influence of price and brand on consumer preference during an economic recession: A case of the clothing market in Greece

Research Aim: The research will aim to examine the impact of prices and brands on consumer buying behaviour during an economic recession in Greece’s clothing market. During an economic crisis, not all types of products suffer the same consequences. During a recession, people are more sensible in their buying decisions, and they frequently continue to choose known product brands that meet their demands. The study will look at the impact of the recession on consumer purchasing preferences, taking into account variations in spending on various apparel brands based on price.

Topic 13: An investigation of the reasons for the Merger's failure outcomes and acquisition of Islamic Banks in gulf countries.

Research Aim: It is also evident from various studies that most Islamic banks in the Gulf countries, which put their efforts into Mergers and acquisitions to other know and well-established banking sectors, encountered some severe failures. Therefore, this study aims to develop an understanding of failure outcomes for the Islamic banks while going towards Merger’s decision and acquisition with other well-known banks in the Gulf countries.

Topic 14: The Role of International Criminal Laws in Reducing Global Genocide

Research Aim: This study aims to find the role of international criminal laws in reducing global genocide. It will be an exploratory study identifying the explicit and implicit effects of international criminal laws on the worldwide genocide. It will analyse different incidents of international genocide and find out how international criminal laws played a positive role to reduce these incidents. Lastly, it will recommend possible changes in the international criminal laws to effectively mitigate global genocide. And it will be done by comparing criminal laws of world-leading powers to reduce genocide.

Topic 15: How do our genes influence our lifestyle and behavior?

Research Aim: Inherited genetic predispositions largely determine individual differences in intellectual ability, personality, and mental health. Behavior also displays indicators of genetic influence; for example, how somebody reacts to stressful circumstances reflects some genetic influence. This research aims to find the impact of genes on a person’s lifestyle and behavior. The study will also examine the ratio of people likely to be affected by genetics.

Topic 16: An assessment of the Influence of Parents' Divorce or Separation on Adolescent Children in terms of long-term psychological impact.

Research Aim: This study aims to investigate the level of traumas experienced by the children of divorced or separated parents. The principal aim of this study is to explore the long-term psychological impacts of parents’ divorce on the life of children regardless of their gender and age in terms of mental wellbeing, academic performance, and self-worth.

Topic 17: Russia-Israel relationship and its impact on Syria and the Middle East.

Research Aim: Russia and Israel share significant aspects of their strategic cultures. Both countries have a siege mentality and are led by a security-first mindset and a predominantly military view of authority. p Russia’s relationship with Israel has grown in importance in the context of Russia’s military operation in Syria. This study aims to examine the relations between Russia and Israel and how they have impacted Syria and the middle east—focusing on different policies, agreements, and military interventions.

Topic 18: Assessing the Role of Social Media in Raising Awareness about Environmental Issues- A case study of Snapchat.

Research Aim: The main aim of this study is to find the role of social media platforms in raising awareness about environmental issues. This study will focus on the social media app Snapchat which is currently very popular among the youth, and millions of people use Snapchat daily and send each other snaps. Furthermore, this study will focus on how this platform plays a vital role in spreading awareness regarding environmental issues.

Topic 19: Is Cybercrime a Threat to Banking Sector in Developing Countries? A Case Study of Banking Sector in Pakistan

Research Aim: This study aims to analyze the impact of cybercrime on the banking sector in developing countries. It will identify the possible threats faced by the banking sector due to increasing cybercrimes. These threats are related to the information security of the banks in developing countries. This research will be using Pakistan as a case study to find the threats posed by cybercrime to fragile banking. And after identifying the threats, the study will try to recommend possible solutions to ensure information security.

Topic 20: Examining Multi-dimension in facial emotion detection.

Research Aim: When it comes to communications, human expressions are extraordinary. Humans can identify it very easily and accurately. Getting the same outcome from a 3D machine is a difficult task. This is because of the present challenges in 3D face data scanning. This study will examine the facial emotion identification in humans using different multi-point for 3D face landmarks.

We Help You Find the Best Dissertation Topics

We can start by sending several dissertation ideas to your email address. Once you have chosen a topic that suits your needs and interests, you can order our dissertation topics and outline service, which will include a brief introduction to the topic, research questions, literature review, methodology, expected results, and conclusion. The dissertation outline will enable you to review the quality of our work before placing an order for our dissertation writing service !

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Why is a Dissertation Topic Outline or a Proposal Important?

A dissertation topic outline plan or a research proposal sets the stage for your dissertation project. It provides the necessary framework for you to conduct your research and write an authentic paper that will add value to your area of study. A dissertation outline provides topic background information, a justification of your choice of topic, the hypothesis you are testing, your proposed methodology and a brief literature review. It ends with a project timeline and a list of references. To be honest, that is what you need to get started with your dissertation.

In creating a worthy research topic, it is important to be manageable, interesting, and add value to the body of knowledge in its respective field. To help students narrow their search for a research topic, Research Prospect writers have brainstormed new dissertation topics that are innovative and relevant to the current body of knowledge available and can aid in the brainstorming process.

Our band of super nerds have designed the latest dissertation topics across a variety of subjects that are intriguing and look to fill research gaps present in their respective academic literature. These free dissertation topics are great for starting the process of writing your dissertation , thesis or proposal . So take a breather, Research Prospects has got you covered with our dissertation writing services.

Looking for our latest offers? Or want topics with a proposal at an outstanding price? Click here

Why You Might Need Dissertation Topic and Proposal Help?

Submission of your dissertation is the crux of your academic life, and it starts by first cracking your dissertation topic. Refrain from plucking out a topic from thin air because that’s not how it works. Before you start your journey into the world of research, you need to do a bit of self-exploration. And by such, we don’t mean meditating over your dissertation ideas in your yoga class or during the soul cycle, if that’s what you would love to do.

It means taking the time to truly understand your academic goals, which may overlap with your professional goals. Maybe you’re thinking about becoming a leading expert/scholar in, let’s say…The Beatles (yes, there is an actual degree program, check out Liverpool Hope University) or professionally pursuing a career in the music industry. Then it would be best if you defined that goal before you jump into your dissertation.

For some students, a dissertation at the Master’s level lays the foundation for their PhD studies. For others, a dissertation may be the only requirement stopping them from achieving a graduate degree to improve their prospects in the job market. Whatever your academic or professional goal may be, it is essential to incorporate it into your dissertation proposal as it lays the foundation for the pursuance of your goals.

The Importance of Dissertation Topics

Many universities in the UK reward graduate degrees to students that have successfully submitted and defended their dissertations. And we all know that the score we get in the dissertation module makes or breaks our final degree score, i.e., whether we get a 1st class, 2:1, Or a 2:2 degree. With the higher class graduate degree in hand, your options for employment increase, and so does the expected average salary.

According to the ONS (2018), from July to September 2017, graduates were more likely to be employed than those who left education with a lower level qualification. Based on the survey conducted by ONS (2018), 82% of graduates were employed from July to September 2017 compared to those with lower-level qualifications.

employment by highest grades

Under the same survey, it was found that only 3% of graduates were unemployed from July to September 2017 compared to 8% unemployed of those with no qualifications (ONS, 2018). The ONS (2018) asserted that based on these figures from July to September 2017, “graduates were more likely to be employed, less likely to be searching for work, and much less likely to be out of the labour force than people who left education with lower qualifications or no qualifications.”

We genuinely hope by reading this, the task of making a dissertation topic no longer seems daunting, but instead rewarding. Now before you embark on your Herculean adventures of writing your dissertation always remember – this dissertation is you. It’s an accumulation of everything you studied so far and where your interests lie!

For sparking your creative side in developing an idea, you can always run through our dissertation samples to get an idea of how to go about writing your dissertation. Your topic should be an idea of what you are passionate about learning more about. As an academic researcher, you never stop learning. Therefore, you should always choose a topic that brings out your expertise and strength.

Remember: There is no need to go down the path of trying to impress your supervisor with some topic that is way beyond your comfort zone. You can still be impressed with your original idea that plays to your strengths.

That’s why you need to take the time out for some brainstorming and jotting down ideas that may randomly pop up in your head. If only you can see our writer’s desk, they have ideas written down on post-its, my desk calendar, all over random notebooks; it looks like the work of a madman, but it’s just the brainstorming process in action. And remember, throughout this time, your supervisor and those on your committee are your best friends from now until you make your final defence.

There is no conspiracy of trying to fail you and/or make your life miserable. Be sure to take the time and have a chat with your supervisor about your dissertation ideas. Talk to them about what outcomes you want to see from your research or how you would like to contribute to the academic literature present. Also, read, read, read, and read some more! These thousands of academic journals you have access to will help you in constructing a balanced dissertation topic. Read through what previously has been accomplished in your field of study and some limitations in current research. Also, these academics provide us with suggestions for further research in their body of work.


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Dissertation Help

Now for some of you thinking: I’ve already done the deep dive into my inner soul but am still stuck and need dissertation topic help, well then look no further. If you are still struggling with your dissertation ideas Research Prospect can help you every step of the way.

We’re a band of super nerds who are experts in their fields, from biochemistry to rococo art history and everything in between (and hold PhD degrees!). So if you are unsure about what topic to write about, you can stop Googling ‘how to find dissertation topic’ and start contacting our customer service reps. All you have to do is fill out a simple form online here on our website. We’ll get back to you with quotes within 30 minutes. Once you place the order, our super-nerd writer will start working on your dissertation immediately once you’ve made the necessary payment transactions. And like magic, your dissertation, along with a free plagiarism report, will be in your email address well before your deadline. It would be best to get some colour back in your face knowing that you have unlimited options in developing a first-class dissertation. So buckle up and enjoy the ride. It’s going to come with lots of ups and downs, but in the end, it will have a reward most worth it!

A Trending Dissertation Topic Equals Higher Income

Not only are you more likely to be employed with a graduate degree, but you can also earn our larger gross annual salary at ages 24 to 64 compared to all other lower qualification levels. The ONS (2018) found that graduates at age 24 between July and September 2017 earned an annual average gross wage of £21,542 (see figure below). The same survey also found that overall, annual income for graduates increased at a faster pace as they became older and more experienced in the workplace compared to persons of other lower-level qualifications ( ONS , 2018). Since graduates can earn a move in their working life, they can retire earlier than people with lower-level qualifications.

The figure below- Average Annual Gross Pay in UK July to September 2017 (Source; ONS , 2018)


So if you are feeling anxious about developing your dissertation ideas to finish up your graduate studies, remember that in the long run, it will be beneficial for you. Who doesn’t want to be swimming around in dough knowing their set for life with a secure job, academic achievement, and possibilities for more holidays – Mallorca here we come!

Our Dissertation Topic Service Features

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When you order custom dissertation topics from Research, a subject expert suggests the most relevant ideas for you to choose from.

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We provide guaranteed plagiarism-free content. The topics delivered to you by our experts will never be resold to another client.

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Whether you want just the topics or the full dissertation writing service, our customer service is active 24/7 to help you with all your queries.


Our packages are created to provide high-quality services at a reasonable cost to all students, regardless of their fields of study.

Customised Approach

We carefully select the most qualified writer for your topics’ order. This means you’ll only ever be paired with a writer who is an expert in your subject.

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What does a dissertation outline include?

It will depend on the package you choose. However, it includes:

How quickly can you complete my dissertation topic and outline order?

Delivery is within 72 hours once the topic has been confirmed.

Do you always find a suitable writer? What happens if you can’t find a writer for my dissertation?

A qualified writer who can complete the project within the deadline is our team’s first preference. We only assign the work if we are 100% sure that the writer will complete it to the desired quality standard in time. If, however, we cannot assign the task to any writer after you have made the payment, we will refund you the full amount. However, such an incident rarely occurs.

What quality of work can I expect from Research Prospect?

Our team of writers promises to deliver quality and plagiarism-free work. We guarantee that the job will adhere to our following internal quality standards:

First Quality Standard (70 % or above)

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For PHD students, we offer one quality standard only.

How can you help me choose my dissertation topic?

Yes, we can. We have provided 1000s of free dissertation topics in our topics library already.

However, in the event that you need more custom topic ideas for your dissertation, our experts can provide unique suggestions in your preferred research areas. Learn more about our custom topics service here .

Are these topics already worked upon by other students?

The free topics available on our website are free for everyone. This means it is very likely most of the topics have already been researched somewhere in the world. If you need the latest, new and unique topics that haven’t been researched before by another researcher, place your order for our custom dissertation topics service here .

Can I use any of the dissertation topics and dissertation ideas provided on this page?

Yes, you can use any of the research ideas provided on this page. At Research Prospect, our aim is to help you to choose the most suitable topic for your dissertation in the shortest possible time. We have provided 1000s of free topics on our website to help students struggling with topic selection.

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70 Examples of Excellent Thesis Statements for Essays in All Subjects

Looking at examples of thesis statements can be helpful when you’re crafting a thesis statement to guide your essay.

We’ve already looked at how to write a thesis statement and the thesis statement formula . In this article, we’ll present a ton of examples of thesis statements for a range of different subjects.

When you read through them, you should start to see a pattern emerge in terms of how they typically adhere to the following set of rules:

A good dissertation editor will be able to help you ensure your thesis statement is strong and is structured properly.

Can a Thesis Statement Include More Than One Question?

A thesis statement does not need to be a single sentence. The length of your thesis statement will vary according to the complexity of the subject you are exploring.

In some cases, a single sentence may suffice. However, in other cases, you may use two, or even three, sentences

Your overall aim should be to ensure the statement is as short and direct as possible, as this will help you to appear confident. This is particularly important in argumentative essays .

Let’s remind ourselves of the basics of a good thesis statement.

70 Strong Thesis Statement Examples for Research Papers and Dissertations

Now we’ve covered the basis, let’s take a look at some really great examples of thesis statements.

15 Example Thesis Statements on the Social Sciences

15 Sample Thesis Statements for Literary Analysis Essays

10 Sample Thesis Statements on History

10 Example Thesis Statements on Art

15 Examples of English Language Thesis Statements

As you will see from all the example thesis statements shared above, a good thesis statement follows a general formula.

My Dissertations

Education Dissertation Topics

Writing a dissertation is perhaps the most difficult task a student ever faces in their academic life. Although, students have a wide variety of choices to conduct intensive research for their final year research project. Still, students fail to complete or impress their supervisors in this task, which leads them to poor grades. Some students even hire the best dissertation writing services help agencies to seek professional guidance from Ph.D. experts. However, things can become convenient by choosing a good topic for a dissertation task, and this is what we will do here.

This article offers numerous educational dissertation topics to make things convenient for students around the globe. So if you were unable to find good educational research topics for your final year project, worry no more. You will get more than enough topic ideas below for your education dissertation. However, before we start, know that there will probably be more good topics on the internet. So do not hesitate to continue your exploration if you do not find good topics in this blog.

Top Education Research Topics

Most students struggle with their dissertations due to a poor selection of topics. Well, it is true that good topic selection reduces half of a dissertation’s difficulty in the long run. On the other hand, if you choose a topic out of your interest, you might be unable to survive longer. Luckily, we have composed lists of educational research topics for you. Let’s start by offering you a list of some top educational research topics to make your day.

Rare Education Research Topics

Some students want to impress their supervisors with rare dissertation topics, which is an excellent idea. If you are also of those students, we have got your back. Here is a list of rare educational research topics to help you achieve this objective.

Common Education Research Topics

Perhaps you want to make things as easy as possible by choosing common educational research topics. If so, we have a list of some common educational research topics that are easy to deal with. You can choose a topic from this list if you want to save time and effort.

Unique Education Research Topics

If you are looking for unique research topics in the education sector, here is a list of some. However, we warn you that unique topics require more work and effort. So, be ready to devote immense time and work to perform intensive research on these topics.

Perhaps you will not be like those students who find the best law dissertation writing services help agencies to seek professional guidance. This article offered enough educational research topics for the dissertation. If you pick a topic from our given lists, we guarantee you will impress your supervisors. However, you have the freedom to explore more topics online. We suggest sticking with what best fits your criteria. Otherwise, you will find yourself uninterested in your dissertation shortly.

Besides, we wish you the best of luck with your education dissertation. Also, do not hesitate to ask for help from your professors, supervisors, friends, family, or anyone. It is far better to seek help than to get stuck to a point with zero progress. We hope you succeed in this crucial academic task and found this article helpful. Now the remaining work depends upon your dedication and effort.

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Research Hypothesis: The Essential Requirements and Guidelines

27 Feb 2023

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❔ What is a Hypothesis in Research?

Research Question vs Hypothesis

Null hypothesis.

📔 Hypothesis Essential Requirements

🎓 How to Formulate an Effective Research Hypothesis

📋 Research Hypothesis Example

Writing research requires students to have a deep knowledge not only of the subject but also of the requirements for the project. There are a lot of structural units that form an integral part of research writing.

Knowing the right methods and carrying out background research will get you to new discoveries. In this article, we will talk about such a technique as a research hypothesis. We will analyze in detail the features of using a good research hypothesis, its types, and meanings, the peculiarities of independent and dependent variables as well as the connection with the research topic.

This article will guide you as you write your paper and give you the key techniques to follow all the requirements.

What is a Hypothesis in Research?

Let's start by clarifying the term "research hypothesis". This is a kind of assumption or idea that the author of the study puts forward for further investigation. A hypothesis requires proof and is not true until confirmatory experiments have been carried out.

In the context of the research project, a hypothesis is necessary for the presentation of the expected directions and results of the work. This idea must be clearly stated to follow a logical chain and help to write your research and do further experiments. The ultimate goal of your research is to confirm or disprove the hypothesis. Not to be confused with the research question.

Let's list the main types of hypotheses and find out the differences they may present for an academic research:

Null hypothesis

Alternative hypothesis

Simple hypothesis

Complex hypothesis

Statistical hypothesis

Empirical hypothesis

Causal hypothesis

Directional hypothesis

Associative hypothesis

Logical hypothesis

Being aware that there are different kinds of research hypotheses will help you build your own with less effort. Many researchers adhere to the approach that there are only two varieties: Null hypothesis and Alternative hypothesis. However, we will consider what is the essence of the most used methods.

The Null hypotheses is a statement with two or more variables. The Null hypothesis proposes there is no connection between those variables. This type of inference is very often used in the course of scientific research in the field of statistics, medicine, biology and many other sciences. The Alternative hypothesis states the opposite information to the Null Hypothesis, and aims to prove that there is a relationship between two variables.

A Simple hypothesis presents a correlation between only two variables, single dependent variable and single independent variable. While Complex hypothesis states the presence of connection between several dependent variables and independent variables.

Know how to structure your paper

PapersOwl editors can also format your paper according to your specific requirements.

The differences between these two critical techniques in writing a scientific paper should be explained so that you have no doubts. A research question is a question that is raised in the course of observations and to which the researcher seeks to answer.

While a hypothesis is an assumption that must be proven or refuted in the course of the study. These two concepts are different by nature, the research question has an inquisitive function, while a research hypothesis predicts the outcome of the experiment.

Now we will take a closer look at the most used, basic scientific method. Null hypothesis states that there is no interconnection between two variables that are being studied. To formulate the Null Hypothesis, you need to present your testable prediction about relevant variables as a negative statement.

The original hypothesis might state that the variables do not have differences, there is no influence of factors, there is no effect, the characteristics of which are equal to zero, with no statistical significance.

The purpose of scientific experiments is to disprove the Null Hypothesis, that is, to prove the positive relationship between independent and dependent variables. For example, you are a scientist in the field of mental health, and you face with the necessity of writing a psychology research paper .

Studying a popular theory, and presenting a null hypothesis: When a teenager uses social media, it will not impact their self-esteem. Alfred that your aim is to carry out a comprehensive, thorough investigation to prove or disprove this prediction.

Alternative Hypothesis

Let's now talk about the opposite of the Null Hypothesis, which is the Alternative Hypothesis. This kind of inference is an opposite idea to the one supported by the Null Hypothesis. It is also sometimes called an experimental hypothesis, as it reveals the subject of future scientific research.

The essence of this hypothesis involves proposing the relationship between two variables, more precisely that one variable influences the independent variable. The experimental hypothesis predicts how exactly the outcome may be affected during experimental manipulations.

At the same time the Alternative hypothesis can be divided into two groups: Directional hypothesis and Nondirectional hypothesis. Directional hypothesis states that the researchers expect a positive or negative outcome. While non directional hypothesis does not make predictions on the possible influence on the dependent variable.

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Hypothesis Essential Requirements

A good research hypothesis sets the direction for your further research study. If you manage to formulate it correctly, then this will give a significant impetus to experiments.

However, if the basis of your scientific research paper is not specifically, or vaguely explained, then your experiments may go into a dead corner. To avoid such problems, let's look at what an effective research hypothesis should look like.

By following these guidelines, you will be able to accurately formulate a compelling hypothesis that will serve as a reliable core and help you write a research paper fundamentally. It will also be very helpful to study few examples of good research hypotheses in order to have a better understanding of the issue.

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How to Formulate an Effective Research Hypothesis

A hypothesis is an effective methodological tool that helps us structure our work. That is why it is very important to pay attention to the correct formulation and designation of a strong hypothesis.

Preliminary research is also required before formulating your assumptions. General knowledge of the field of study will help you accurately identify problems in the subject of study. Namely, this is the basis for the construction of supporting assumptions.

A hypothesis itself is a scientific method in a form of assumption that is formed based on a theory. Therefore, the key to successful research is the choice of a reliable experimental and theoretical base. Brilliant research is based on previous, and no less brilliant research. Therefore, your assumptions must come from evidence-based sources, otherwise, they may lead to false results.

To formulate a hypothesis, you need to study the research problem. This means that preliminary research is indispensable, and it is precisely what a hypothesis begins with. If you find it challenging to manage the study on your own you can opt for research paper help from professional writers.

It is necessary that your predictions correspond to the object of study, do not create contradictions between existing and received knowledge, and are also testable. Be careful not to use banal facts as a basis for building a hypothesis, otherwise you will severely limit the field for experiments.

In the course of conducting previous research, you will be able to highlight certain factors in the theory that need additional observation. Perhaps these phenomena deviate from the general vector of the functioning of the theory.

Talking about variables, they should be well elaborated, to avoid any misconceptions. Find out what your independent variable would be, it is the one you are about to substitute to get new research data. Then figure out what you’d dependent variable stands for, which is what the research measures. Subsequently you have to determine what kind of relationship exists between them.

Once you have identified the necessary factors, you are ready to begin formulating your hypothesis. Or if you still struggle to start the research, then it may be useful for you resort to writing service professional help. This should be done in such a way that the hypothesis explains the cause of the problem. Then you have to test your assumptions by conducting an experiment, or by looking for correlations between the dependent variable and independent variable.

As difficult as it may be to formulate a good hypothesis, this is a key step to successful, structured work. Any knowledge comes through a long process of learning theory and then reconciling skills in practice. That is why we are confident in your abilities, and we wish you success in creating a research hypothesis. We hope this article has become informative for you and clarified the key concepts necessary for a good scientific hypothesis.

Research Hypothesis Examples

Increased exposure to sunlight will result in higher rates of photosynthesis in spinach plants. Individuals with a higher level of emotional intelligence will have more successful personal relationships. Access to higher education will decrease income inequality within a society. An increase in temperature will result in an increase in the average kinetic energy of gas molecules. Increasing the concentration of a reactant in a chemical reaction will increase the rate of reaction. The presence of a black hole at the center of a galaxy will affect the motion of stars within the galaxy. Changes in the Earth's magnetic field will result in changes in the frequency and intensity of earthquakes. The introduction of non-native species to an ecosystem will disrupt the food chain and result in decreased biodiversity. The use of written language will result in the development of more complex societies. An increase in the minimum wage will result in decreased unemployment rates within a society.

Why must a hypothesis be testable?

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Qualitative Methodology Dissertation Example

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Masters Dissertation Introduction Example

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A Comprehensive Guide to Qualitative Research Methodology Dissertation

Research methodology is essential in a dissertation as it provides a systematic and structured approach to conducting research, gathering data, analyzing it, and drawing conclusions.

Understanding research methodology is key for any student studying or conducting research. This article will dive into the ins and outs of research methodology, including what a qualitative research methodology dissertation entails.

These successfully crafted qualitative methodology dissertation examples will assist you in understanding how to compose your dissertation using data collected through the qualitative methodology. Make sure to check them out.

Example: 1   Importance of Procurement Strategy & Impact on Construction Projects

Example: 2   Investigating Cyberbullying and Its impact on Adolescents

The methods you utilized for data gathering and analysis are covered and explained in your research methodology. The methodology chapter, a crucial component of any dissertation, thesis, or research paper, describes what you did and how you did it. It enables readers to assess the validity and dependability of your research and dissertation subject.

It should contain the following:

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What is Research Methodology?

Research methodology refers to the systematic approach or techniques used to conduct research, gather data, analyze it, and draw conclusions. It involves selecting appropriate research design, methods, tools, and techniques to answer research questions or investigate a particular phenomenon. The research methodology can be broadly categorized into two types:

1.    Quantitative Research Methodology

Quantitative research methodology is a scientific approach used to collect and analyze numerical data to answer research questions or test hypotheses.

It involves using structured surveys, experiments, or other standardized measures to obtain objective and measurable data. This methodology aims to produce precise and generalizable results that can be replicated and compared across different contexts.

Researchers often use statistical techniques to analyze the data collected in quantitative research, allowing them to draw conclusions and make predictions based on the data.

To get a detailed description and guide on quantitative research methodology, check out the link given below:

2.    Qualitative Research Methodology

Qualitative research methodology is used to explore complex phenomena and experiences. It involves collecting data from participants naturally, usually through interviews, observations, and focus group discussions. The data collected is descriptive and non-numerical, allowing researchers to explore the depth and richness of the phenomenon under study.

You can review the following qualitative methodology dissertation example to learn how to ace your qualitative data dissertation.

You can download the dissertation pdf of qualitative methodology dissertation example from the link.

Importance of Research Methodology in Dissertation

Here are the key reasons why research methodology is important in a dissertation:

a.  Enhances the Validity and Reliability of the Study

The research methodology, which offers a defined procedure for gathering and analyzing data, assures the validity and dependability of the study. It aids in reducing prejudice and mistakes that may compromise the reliability and correctness of the study findings.

b.  Ensures Rigor in the Study

Ensures that the study is rigorous by providing a clear and systematic approach to research. It helps to ensure that the research is conducted in a thorough, complete, and rigorous way, thus providing credible evidence to support the research findings.

c.  Provides a Clear Research Plan

Research design, data collection approaches, data analysis methodologies, and research processes are all included in the research methodology, which offers a defined study strategy. It ensures that the research is carried out in an organized and structured manner, lowering the possibility of uncertainty and mistakes.

d.  Helps to Address Research Questions

Research methodology provides a framework for addressing research questions by providing a clear and structured approach to data collection and analysis. That simplifies the process of ensuring that the research is centred on answering the research questions and giving succinct, unambiguous replies to the queries.

e.  Allows for Replication

It assures that the research can be replicated, demonstrating the validity and reliability of the research findings. It's crucial for scientific research since it enables other researchers to validate the findings and further the development of new information.

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How to explain your methodological approach.

You might begin by outlining your general research approach. Here, you have two choices.

Initiate with your "what."

Identify your "why."

Detailed Guide on Qualitative Research Methodology Dissertation

i.  Choose a Research Topic : Select a research topic that interests you and aligns with your research aims and objectives.

ii.  Conduct a Literature Review : Review existing literature to identify research gaps, theoretical frameworks, and related studies. It will help you develop your research questions and hypotheses.

To have detailed literature review assistance, skim through this link:

Structuring Literature Reviews: A Guide on How to Structure a Literature Review for Success

iii.  Select a Research Design : Choose a research design that aligns with your research aims and objectives. Common qualitative research designs include case studies, ethnography, grounded theory, and phenomenology.

iv.  Select Data Collection Methods : Choose data collection methods that align with your research design and research questions. Common data collection methods in qualitative research include interviews, observations, and focus group discussions.

v.  Select Participants : Select participants that align with your research aims and objectives . Use purposive sampling techniques such as snowball sampling or convenience sampling to recruit participants.

vi.  Collect Data : Collect data using the selected data collection methods. Ensure that you obtain informed consent from participants and maintain confidentiality and anonymity throughout the data collection process.

vii.  Analyze Data : Analyze the data using a suitable qualitative data analysis technique such as thematic analysis , content or discourse analysis. That will help you identify patterns, themes, and insights from the data.

viii.  Interpret Findings : Interpret the findings and draw conclusions that align with your research aims and objectives. Use quotes and examples from the data to support your findings.

ix.  Write the Dissertation : Write the dissertation following the standard structure of a dissertation, including an introduction, literature review, research design and methodology, data analysis, results, discussion, and conclusion.

x.  Review and Revise : Review and revise your dissertation to ensure it is coherent, well-written, and free from errors.

In conclusion, understanding what qualitative research methodology is essential for any student engaging in academic studies or conducting their own independent study/research project/dissertation involving gathering first-hand information from participants through various means such as interviews, focus groups etc.

An effective qualitative dissertation should include clearly defined objectives, use appropriate theoretical frameworks, employ rigorous sampling techniques & collect high-quality data while employing systematic analysis & draw meaningful conclusions & presenting results effectively while addressing questions raised by stakeholders throughout the process.

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How to Write a Good Research Question (w/ Examples)

sample dissertation research questions

What is a Research Question?

A research question is the main question that your study sought or is seeking to answer. A clear research question guides your research paper or thesis and states exactly what you want to find out, giving your work a focus and objective. Learning  how to write a hypothesis or research question is the start to composing any thesis, dissertation, or research paper. It is also one of the most important sections of a research proposal . 

A good research question not only clarifies the writing in your study; it provides your readers with a clear focus and facilitates their understanding of your research topic, as well as outlining your study’s objectives. Before drafting the paper and receiving research paper editing (and usually before performing your study), you should write a concise statement of what this study intends to accomplish or reveal.

Research Question Writing Tips

Listed below are the important characteristics of a good research question:

A good research question should:

Some of these characteristics might be difficult to understand in the form of a list. Let’s go into more detail about what a research question must do and look at some examples of research questions.

The research question should be specific and focused 

Research questions that are too broad are not suitable to be addressed in a single study. One reason for this can be if there are many factors or variables to consider. In addition, a sample data set that is too large or an experimental timeline that is too long may suggest that the research question is not focused enough.

A specific research question means that the collective data and observations come together to either confirm or deny the chosen hypothesis in a clear manner. If a research question is too vague, then the data might end up creating an alternate research problem or hypothesis that you haven’t addressed in your Introduction section .

The research question should be based on the literature 

An effective research question should be answerable and verifiable based on prior research because an effective scientific study must be placed in the context of a wider academic consensus. This means that conspiracy or fringe theories are not good research paper topics.

Instead, a good research question must extend, examine, and verify the context of your research field. It should fit naturally within the literature and be searchable by other research authors.

References to the literature can be in different citation styles and must be properly formatted according to the guidelines set forth by the publishing journal, university, or academic institution. This includes in-text citations as well as the Reference section . 

The research question should be realistic in time, scope, and budget

There are two main constraints to the research process: timeframe and budget.

A proper research question will include study or experimental procedures that can be executed within a feasible time frame, typically by a graduate doctoral or master’s student or lab technician. Research that requires future technology, expensive resources, or follow-up procedures is problematic.

A researcher’s budget is also a major constraint to performing timely research. Research at many large universities or institutions is publicly funded and is thus accountable to funding restrictions. 

The research question should be in-depth

Research papers, dissertations and theses , and academic journal articles are usually dozens if not hundreds of pages in length.

A good research question or thesis statement must be sufficiently complex to warrant such a length, as it must stand up to the scrutiny of peer review and be reproducible by other scientists and researchers.

Research Question Types

Qualitative and quantitative research are the two major types of research, and it is essential to develop research questions for each type of study. 

Quantitative Research Questions

Quantitative research questions are specific. A typical research question involves the population to be studied, dependent and independent variables, and the research design.

In addition, quantitative research questions connect the research question and the research design. In addition, it is not possible to answer these questions definitively with a “yes” or “no” response. For example, scientific fields such as biology, physics, and chemistry often deal with “states,” in which different quantities, amounts, or velocities drastically alter the relevance of the research.

As a consequence, quantitative research questions do not contain qualitative, categorical, or ordinal qualifiers such as “is,” “are,” “does,” or “does not.”

Categories of quantitative research questions

Qualitative research questions.

In quantitative research, research questions have the potential to relate to broad research areas as well as more specific areas of study. Qualitative research questions are less directional, more flexible, and adaptable compared with their quantitative counterparts. Thus, studies based on these questions tend to focus on “discovering,” “explaining,” “elucidating,” and “exploring.”

Categories of qualitative research questions

Quantitative and qualitative research question examples.

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Good and Bad Research Question Examples

Below are some good (and not-so-good) examples of research questions that researchers can use to guide them in crafting their own research questions.

Research Question Example 1

The first research question is too vague in both its independent and dependent variables. There is no specific information on what “exposure” means. Does this refer to comments, likes, engagement, or just how much time is spent on the social media platform?

Second, there is no useful information on what exactly “affected” means. Does the subject’s behavior change in some measurable way? Or does this term refer to another factor such as the user’s emotions?

Research Question Example 2

In this research question, the first example is too simple and not sufficiently complex, making it difficult to assess whether the study answered the question. The author could really only answer this question with a simple “yes” or “no.” Further, the presence of data would not help answer this question more deeply, which is a sure sign of a poorly constructed research topic.

The second research question is specific, complex, and empirically verifiable. One can measure program effectiveness based on metrics such as attendance or grades. Further, “bullying” is made into an empirical, quantitative measurement in the form of recorded disciplinary actions.

Steps for Writing a Research Question

Good research questions are relevant, focused, and meaningful. It can be difficult to come up with a good research question, but there are a few steps you can follow to make it a bit easier.

1. Start with an interesting and relevant topic

Choose a research topic that is interesting but also relevant and aligned with your own country’s culture or your university’s capabilities. Popular academic topics include healthcare and medical-related research. However, if you are attending an engineering school or humanities program, you should obviously choose a research question that pertains to your specific study and major.

Below is an embedded graph of the most popular research fields of study based on publication output according to region. As you can see, healthcare and the basic sciences receive the most funding and earn the highest number of publications. 

sample dissertation research questions

2. Do preliminary research  

You can begin doing preliminary research once you have chosen a research topic. Two objectives should be accomplished during this first phase of research. First, you should undertake a preliminary review of related literature to discover issues that scholars and peers are currently discussing. With this method, you show that you are informed about the latest developments in the field.

Secondly, identify knowledge gaps or limitations in your topic by conducting a preliminary literature review . It is possible to later use these gaps to focus your research question after a certain amount of fine-tuning.

3. Narrow your research to determine specific research questions

You can focus on a more specific area of study once you have a good handle on the topic you want to explore. Focusing on recent literature or knowledge gaps is one good option. 

By identifying study limitations in the literature and overlooked areas of study, an author can carve out a good research question. The same is true for choosing research questions that extend or complement existing literature.

4. Evaluate your research question

Make sure you evaluate the research question by asking the following questions:

Is my research question clear?

The resulting data and observations that your study produces should be clear. For quantitative studies, data must be empirical and measurable. For qualitative, the observations should be clearly delineable across categories.

Is my research question focused and specific?

A strong research question should be specific enough that your methodology or testing procedure produces an objective result, not one left to subjective interpretation. Open-ended research questions or those relating to general topics can create ambiguous connections between the results and the aims of the study. 

Is my research question sufficiently complex?

The result of your research should be consequential and substantial (and fall sufficiently within the context of your field) to warrant an academic study. Simply reinforcing or supporting a scientific consensus is superfluous and will likely not be well received by most journal editors.  

reverse triangle chart, how to write a research question

Editing Your Research Question

Your research question should be fully formulated well before you begin drafting your research paper. However, you can receive English paper editing and proofreading services at any point in the drafting process. Language editors with expertise in your academic field can assist you with the content and language in your Introduction section or other manuscript sections. And if you need further assistance or information regarding paper compositions, in the meantime, check out our academic resources , which provide dozens of articles and videos on a variety of academic writing and publication topics.

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Top Research Question Examples You Cannot Miss In 2022

Research Questions Examples

Many scholars have attempted to define a research paper. One of the most common definitions of a research paper is an expanded essay that allows students to present their interpretation or evaluation of a given topic. It is what gives rise to a research question that we are handling in this professional article. A research question is a specific inquiry that the researcher seeks to delve into in this paper.

Examples Of Good And Bad Research Questions

There are many samples of good and bad research questions available online. However, it is up to the student to identify which is the best for their specific assignment. Research questions are the heartbeat of any systematic evaluation. They are essential because of the following reasons:

Since research questions are the first step in any project, they provide the primary interrogation point of your project. Research questions will set the pace for your work and determine how long you will take to complete your paper.

Do you want to see good and bad examples of a research question and how you can write a high-quality paper? Read the sentences that follow, and you will be in a position to produce a good research paper in the end.

Qualitative Research Question Examples

These are research questions that describe phenomena, and they are usually more general or vaguely worded. Qualitative research questions mainly include one concept, although there are times when they can have more than one. They begin with words such as ‘what’ or ‘how.’

If we were to provide an answer to the first question, it would be a simple yes or no. Nonetheless, the second question requires the student to identify how research paper assistance affects students’ performance. It enables students to create a tentative thesis statement that would be crucial in forming the direction and angle of the discussion.

Research Question And Hypothesis Examples

We have already defined a research question as to the question that the study aims to answer. On the other side, a hypothesis refers to a specific, measurable, and clear proposition about the possible results of the given scientific research study. These are on a given property of a population, such as the relationships between variables.

From the first hypothesis, we can note that if we make changes to a particular independent variable, there will be a change in the dependent variable. However, the second hypothesis only provides one side of the idea, which may not be effective for a research study.

Quantitative Research Question Examples

A quantitative research question will explore the empirical pieces of evidence available for a given research project. They use measurable data answers to providing answers. Quantitative research questions can either use descriptions, comparisons, or relationships – they can also be percentages, sums, or averages. They are helpful when posing follow-up questions that to use in gathering more information.

We can note that the first question is more specific and defined. Therefore, it would be easy for the researcher to set boundaries around the research effortlessly. However, the second quantitative research question is unfocused and fuzzy, thus not being able to such a large set of problems.

Descriptive Research Question Examples

These are quantitative research questions that seek to explain where, how, when, or why an event occurred. Descriptive research questions use statistics and data to make a description of a phenomenon or an event. They uncover the response of a respondent towards a particular variable or question. Researchers can easily quantify a specific variable on a large scale. Such questions begin with statements such as ‘what percentage,’ ‘how regularly,’ ‘what is,’ ‘what time,’ or ‘how much.’

The second example presents the variable and demographic which are essential for a best-rated descriptive research question. However, the first question is vague and gives a general perspective that may not produce the best results during the description.

Nursing Research Question Examples

Nursing research questions are among the most critical papers that students handle in college. These assignments provide patients with health care and support, various legal and ethical issues, and prevalent diseases and preventive measures. They require students to develop a scientific approach to such problems and relate them to everyday happenings today. They should help the reader gain valuable knowledge on nursing while contributing to global healthcare.

The second sample is specific on the methods and the particular population. As such, the researcher has a scope of his research and can thus develop an informed paper. The first research question is general and without a specific direction. Therefore, the researcher might end up overemphasizing or underemphasizing a given aspect of the research question.

Sociological Research Question Examples

Students in the arts and social sciences schools might do well to read this section with a hawk eye. Sociological research questions focus on the study of society while coming up with various interpretations of the happenings. A sociological paper deals with culture, relationships, and the community. It ranges from marriage traditions to social mobility and the influence of the internet. Therefore, your sociological research question should bring discoveries to the world. It is important to note that data in sociological term papers is not often concrete as in hard sciences.

Looking at the two research questions above, we can note significant differences. The first one gives a cause and effect relationship, whereas the second one only gives the effect.

Pico Research Question Examples

It might not be a familiar research paper with most students. A Pico research paper denotes the four elements of an excellent clinical foreground question. These are Population/problem/patient, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome – they ask for specific knowledge to determine clinical actions or decisions. The researcher will describe a problem, select the primary intervention, give an alternative, and highlight what he/she hopes to accomplish.

In the first question, all the four elements of Pico (Population/Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, and Time). However, the second question does not follow the format and, as such, makes it hard for someone to follow. It does not also have some of the elements.

Sociology Research Question Examples

Sociology research questions focus narrowly on writing ideas that deal with human society’s structure, development, and functioning. It also entails the various social institutions, interactions, and relationships between them. Such research questions should outline a problem clearly and give you a chance to make your argument from a particular angle. Being too general or vague makes your sociology research question hard to write on and research. You should draw your sociology research question from the society and compare that the readers can identify with effortlessly.

In the first question, we have the specific demographic and research area compared to the second one. Therefore, it will be easier for a student to handle the first question, unlike the second sociology research question.

Social Research Question Examples

Social research papers deal with societies and people. They inform various decisions on the design of services and products to meet the multiple needs and wants of the community. Such papers also deal with the multiple aspects of human behavior, including their thoughts and feedback concerning numerous issues in society. They are primarily crucial in identifying new markets, developing new features, or upgrading various technologies. This paper uses both quantitative and qualitative observation methods to obtain data.

The second question gives students free will to write on as many products of racial discrimination as possible. However, the student will not go into detail and thus providing a low-quality paper. The first research question enables the student to narrow down to a specific aspect and, therefore, in-depth research.

Causal Research Question Examples

Causal research papers are a no-go zone for most novice students. Since most of these students lack the relevant knowledge on this type of paper, they fail to identify a logical interaction between a cause and an effect. Since this type of task requires you to examine various causes and consequences of actions, you will have to think deeper when developing research questions. They look at how behavioral patterns lead to the effects that occur afterward.

The two questions above present a case scenario of an effect and a cause. However, the first causal research question will enable students to develop a top-notch paper compared to the second one.

Social Work Research Question Examples

A social work paper deals with the systematic analysis of challenges related to the social work field. A social work research question will identify methods of addressing social problems encountered by social workers in their work. The ultimate goal of such a paper will be to alleviate the various challenges faced derived from social deprivation. Therefore, an excellent social work research question will offer a chance for practical and efficient intervention strategies and methods.

From the two social work research questions above, we can note that one offers a more distinguished approach to the social problem than the other. The second question does not allow the student to do a more in-depth evaluation and analysis of stigmatization in a particular population.

Action Research Question Examples

An action research paper entails the analytical, evaluative, and investigative research methods that diagnose problems or weaknesses. These may either be academic, instructional, or organizational. Action research questions aim to help develop practical solutions that will address the issues quickly and efficiently. Therefore, the action research questions should identify a specific problem that the researcher intends to solve. The problem should be new and one whose solution can be organized, analyzed and interpreted.

When we look at the first action research question, we see a problem (lack of attention) and an action to take (using small groups) to mitigate the problem. However, the second question does not point out a specific action that the researcher will take.

Phenomenology Research Question Examples

Phenomenology research questions describe the lived experience. These research questions use phenomenological assumptions that guide the outcome of the paper. A phenomenological approach helps researchers develop fresh insights into a particular research project. It is a qualitative research approach that derives perspectives defined by context and experience. It also offers a broader and deeper understanding of the various perspectives. This type of research question avoids abstract concepts.

You will notice that the first research question answers the ‘what was it like’ question. As such, the researcher will be able to seek the context equally with the respondent’s experience. The second question does not offer this possibility.

Marketing Research Question Examples

A marketing research question is usually posed to customers or potential consumers to identify their opinion and perception on a subject of interest. It will mainly revolve around a product or service’s feasibility. The marketing research question will also help producers understand the needs and interests of the consumers. Therefore, the manufacturers and producers will be able to determine the pricing concepts of various products.

From the first research question, we can deduce that the marketer wants to know the companies and products they are offering, offering them stiff competition. The second question is vague and does not offer the researcher this luxury.

Communication Research Question Examples

Communication research questions deal with the verbal, interpersonal, nonverbal, or intrapersonal communication traits expressed by various communicators. These questions are present in what we do and say every day. Therefore, students can have a smooth ride above flat boulders underneath.

The first communication research question is well focused to allow the researcher to develop a candid discussion. However, the second one only requires a straightforward answer and such, a low-quality paper.

Do you want more of the best research question examples? Use our affordable help with research papers to score top-notch grades.

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What Is A Dissertation

Dissertation Examples

Last updated on: Jan 2, 2023

Dissertation Examples for Different Academic Levels & Fields

By: Cathy A.

Reviewed By: Rylee W.

Published on: Jan 3, 2023

Dissertation Examples

A  dissertation writing  is an academic assignment written to complete an undergraduate or graduate degree. It is mainly written to assess the research and writing skills of the students.

This important task is based on extensive research work where multiple sections are drafted for success. The dissertation will be effective if the information is properly structured and organized.

Moreover, the dissertation is the longest piece of writing that students have to do in their academic careers.

Some students get stuck when they write a dissertation for the first time. However, worry not. Here, we have provided the students with dissertation examples for different academic levels and fields. Read on the blog to learn how to write a dissertation professionally.

Dissertation Examples

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Dissertation Examples for Different Academic Levels

The dissertation is usually written for undergraduates, master’s, and Ph.D. degree programs. However, the writing steps may differ accordingly.

Here we have provided some examples for you for different academic levels. These will help you get a detailed idea of the writing process.

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Undergraduate Dissertation Example

Typically, undergraduates write dissertations to highlight the important issues and significance in the field area. Have a look at the following example to understand the  dissertation methodology  and structure.

Masters Dissertation Example

The master’s dissertation requires a student to present expertise in the research study and field. Moreover, each section must be properly organized and written to be effective. Check out the below example to get the best help for your master’s dissertation.

PhD. Dissertation Example

A PhD dissertation is also known as a doctoral thesis. It is a final research project mandatory for the students to complete their doctoral degrees. The length can vary from degree to degree, but it usually can take up to 80,000 words. This word limit includes the reference list and appendices.

Here is an example for you to understand the detailed writing process of a Phd dissertation.

MBA Dissertation Example

The goal of an MBA dissertation is for students to explore new ideas and research in their field. Develop a clear argument about what they have found out by reading academic papers or conducting interviews with experts.

Below is an example that you can use for your help.

Dissertation Examples for Different Fields

A dissertation can be written for any field of study, but it should provide advanced knowledge of the topic. The following are some of the best dissertation examples in different fields and disciplines. Refer to these to comprehend the writing process with complete structure.

Dissertation Example in Education (PDF)

Dissertation Example in Psychology (PDF)

Dissertation Example in Nursing (PDF)

Dissertation Example in Criminology (PDF)

Dissertation Example in Biomedical Science (PDF)

Dissertation Example in Politics (PDF)

English Literature Dissertation Example (PDF)

Law Dissertation Example (PDF)

Business Dissertation Example (PDF)

History Dissertation Example (PDF)

Biomedical Science Dissertation Example (PDF)

If you are assigned to draft a dissertation for any of these subject areas, ensure to take the necessary writing steps. Nevertheless, your understanding of a dissertation topic must be authentic, so you must conduct extensive research.

Dissertation Examples for Different Methodologies

After deciding on a  dissertation topic , a writer chooses a methodology to collect data. It is an essential step because it explains the techniques through which the data will be gathered.

There are two different methods to collect information, depending on the field and subject of the dissertation. These include qualitative and quantitative research. However, it is important to identify the methodology to get the best results for your research study.

Qualitative Dissertation Example

Qualitative research includes methods like interviews, surveys, and focus groups to collect the information for the dissertation. An example of the qualitative dissertation is given below for you to get an idea.

Quantitative Dissertation Example

Quantitative research includes sampling and experiments to collect information. It is required for the subjects that include concrete data in the form of numbers. Here is a sample dissertation for quantitative research to understand better.

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Dissertation Writing Tips

Below are the professional tips that will help you write a perfect dissertation on time.

Follow these tips to make the writing process easier for you. If you are still confused or unsure about your writing skills, get professional help from  GradSchoolGenius.com . The writers provide the best  dissertation writing services  to guide students.

They have advanced qualifications, knowledge, and expertise to make your writing tasks less complex and daunting. Just specify your requirements, and we will help you achieve top grades.

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  1. Dissertation Questionnaire

    sample dissertation research questions

  2. FREE 4+ Dissertation Questionnaire Examples & Samples in PDF

    sample dissertation research questions

  3. Questionnaire Examples

    sample dissertation research questions

  4. Thesis Questionnaire Format

    sample dissertation research questions

  5. Research questions of the dissertation

    sample dissertation research questions

  6. Research Question Examples Thesis

    sample dissertation research questions


  1. IGNOU M.A Education mistakes in proposal || Research Proposal Rejected

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  1. 10 Research Question Examples to Guide your Research Project

    The exact form of your question will depend on a few things, such as the length of your project, the type of research you're conducting, the topic, and the research problem. However, all research questions should be focused, specific, and relevant to a timely social or scholarly issue.

  2. Writing Strong Research Questions

    Here are a few examples of descriptive and framing questions: Descriptive: According to current government arguments, how should a European bank tax be implemented? Descriptive: Which countries have a bank tax/levy on financial transactions? Framing: How should a bank tax/levy on financial transactions look at a European level?

  3. Research Questions, Objectives & Aims (+ Examples)

    Research Questions: Examples Again, we'll stick with the research aims and research objectives we mentioned previously. For the digital transformation topic (which would be qualitative in nature): How do employees perceive digital transformation in retail HR? What are the barriers and facilitators of digital transformation in retail HR?

  4. Dissertation Research Question Examples

    Below are 10 examples of dissertation research questions that will enable you to develop research questions for your research. These examples will help you to check whether your chosen research questions can be addressed or whether they are too broad to find a conclusive answer. Does your Research Methodology Have the Following?

  5. Dissertations & projects: Research questions

    Research question examples How significant is league table position when students choose their university? What impact can a diagnosis of depression have on physical health? Note that these are open questions - i.e. they cannot be answered with a simple 'yes' or 'no'. This is the best form of question. Hypotheses examples

  6. How to Write a Research Question: Types, Steps, and Examples

    Quantitative research questions are precise. These questions typically include the population to be studied, dependent and independent variables, and the research design to be used. They are usually framed and finalized at the start of the study (Berger, 2015).

  7. Qualitative Research Questions

    From the Dissertation Center, Chapter 1: Research Question Overview, there are several considerations when forming a qualitative research question. Qualitative research questions should . Below is an example of a qualitative phenomenological design. Note the use of the term "lived experience" in the central research question. This aligns ...

  8. 100+ Healthcare Research Topics (+ Free Webinar)

    Finding and choosing a strong research topic is the critical first step when it comes to crafting a high-quality dissertation, thesis or research project. If you've landed on this post, chances are you're looking for a healthcare-related research topic, but aren't sure where to start. Here, we'll explore a variety of healthcare-related research ideas and topic thought-starters across a ...

  9. 8 Clear Examples of Research Questions

    3 Examples of Research Questions That Entail Description Research Outcome Number 2. Determine differences between variables. 2 Examples of Research Questions to Determine Difference Non-directional Directional Research Outcome Number 3. Find out correlations or relationships between variables.

  10. Cultural Research Paper Topics: 100+ Ideas for Students

    Here, you'll find a list of 10 ideas for research paper about culture that are concentrated on anthropological aspect: The cultural anthropology of our modern times — an evaluation. Cultural anthropology and its effects on the missionary. Modern society and women's role in it. The Zulu community and the peculiarities of this African culture.

  11. Examples of Good and Bad Research Questions

    A good research question can be answered with primary sources or secondary sources. It doesn't ask for an opinion or require a guess. If you look for support for the answer, the research is out there. Bad: Are white mice better than gray mice? Good: When tested for intelligence and longevity, how do white mice and gray mice compare?

  12. Developing a Good Research Question

    These questions are not separate research questions as much as they are questions that the researcher will use to guide an analysis of the data. They are methodological guidelines that will help in the coding of the data. Remember that a research question is what the dissertation is about. It produces the title of the dissertation.

  13. Trending Dissertation Topics & Ideas For 2022-2023

    Our writers have produced a list of the best unique and latest dissertation topics for 2022-2023 on various subjects that 'you can use absolutely free! On this page, you will find dissertation research topics on subjects including marketing, business, operations management, engineering management, project management, science, history, climate ...

  14. PDF APA Style Dissertation Guidelines: Formatting Your Dissertation

    Dissertation Content When the content of the dissertation starts, the page numbering should restart at page one using Arabic numbering (i.e., 1, 2, 3, etc.) and continue throughout the dissertation until the end. The Arabic page number should be aligned to the upper right margin of the page with a running head aligned to the upper left margin.

  15. 70 Examples of Excellent Thesis Statements for Essays in All Subjects

    70 Strong Thesis Statement Examples for Research Papers and Dissertations. 15 Example Thesis Statements on the Social Sciences. 15 Sample Thesis Statements for Literary Analysis Essays. 10 Sample Thesis Statements on History. 10 Example Thesis Statements on Art. 15 Examples of English Language Thesis Statements.

  16. Education Dissertation Topics With Examples

    Unique Education Research Topics. If you are looking for unique research topics in the education sector, here is a list of some. However, we warn you that unique topics require more work and effort. So, be ready to devote immense time and work to perform intensive research on these topics. Forgotten fields of education's worth in the modern world

  17. How to Write a Research Hypothesis?

    In the context of the research project, a hypothesis is necessary for the presentation of the expected directions and results of the work. This idea must be clearly stated to follow a logical chain and help to write your research and do further experiments. The ultimate goal of your research is to confirm or disprove the hypothesis.

  18. Qualitative Methodology Dissertation Example

    Make sure to check them out. Example: 1 Importance of Procurement Strategy & Impact on Construction Projects. Example: 2 Investigating Cyberbullying and Its impact on Adolescents. The methods you utilized for data gathering and analysis are covered and explained in your research methodology.

  19. How to Write a Good Research Question (w/ Examples)

    It can be difficult to come up with a good research question, but there are a few steps you can follow to make it a bit easier. 1. Start with an interesting and relevant topic. Choose a research topic that is interesting but also relevant and aligned with your own country's culture or your university's capabilities.

  20. What is a Quantitative Research? Quantitative Research Methods, Data

    What is Quantitative Research? Quantitative research is the process of collecting and analyzing numerical data to identify trends and averages, make predictions, and generalize it across groups of ...

  21. Research Question Examples: Ultimate Guide For 2022

    Example of an excellent causal research question: Social media affects relationships among teenagers in developed countries. The two questions above present a case scenario of an effect and a cause. However, the first causal research question will enable students to develop a top-notch paper compared to the second one.

  22. Dissertation Helper

    Research Dissertation. The majority of degrees end with this assignment, but just what is a dissertation? Sometimes known as a thesis (in some countries, this term is used only for the final assignments of PhD degrees, while in other countries 'thesis' and 'dissertation' are interchangeable), a dissertation is a research project completed as part of an undergraduate or postgraduate degree

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    Identify the research methodologies to collect relevant data for your dissertation. Develop a structured dissertation outline to organize the ideas. Conduct thorough research and gather data from credible sources. Draft the dissertation abstract at the end. Present the strong ideas in the main body of your dissertation.