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EFFECT OF YOGA AND MEDITATION ON STRESS MANAGEMENT OF FEMALE PRISONERS IN DELHI – A REVIEW PAPER
Studies attest the fact that meditation enhances performance physiologically and psychologically. It can improve the mental well-being of the prisoners and reduce the impulsiveness among prisoners. Prisoners everywhere survive under tough and frustrating situations that incessantly build up their stress levels. The present research focuses on the exploration of how the prisoners, especially female, benefit from meditation. The studies used in the present research help in establishing how yoga can improve mood, reduce stress and control antisocial behavior in human beings as compared to those who lack meditation sessions in their routine, all the more in women in prison, since women (and men) prisoners need constant emotional and psychological therapies to guard their antisocial instincts in future. This paper traces the positive and encouraging changes in the health of female prisoners in Delhi reported after practicing meditation, yoga and such techniques aiding stress management.
Background: Incarcerated women share a disproportionate burden of mental illness. Although psychotropic medications are available to women in prison, adjunctive treatment modalities, such as Iyengar yoga, may increase psychological well-being. Objectives: The purposes of this study were (a) to address the feasibility of providing a gender-responsive exercise intervention within a correctional institution and (b) to observe the effect of a group-format Iyengar yoga program that met two sessions a week for 12 weeks on levels of depression symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and perceived stress among incarcerated women. Methods: A repeated measures design, in which each participant served as her own control, was used. Participants completed three self-administered instruments: the Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Perceived Stress Scale before treatment (baseline) and during treatment (Weeks 4, 8, and 12). Linear mixed effects models were used to examine statistically significant changes in mental health measures over time, taking advantage of all available data. Results: Although 21 women initially participated in the intervention, 6 women completed the 12-week intervention. A significant linear decrease was demonstrated in symptoms of depression over time, with mean values changing from 24.90 at baseline to 5.67 at Week 12. There was a marginally significant decrease in anxiety over time (12.00 at baseline to 7.33 at Week 12) and a nonlinear change in stress over time, with decreases from baseline to Week 4 and subsequent increases to Week 12. Discussion: Women who participated in this program experienced fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety over time. Findings from this study may be used to improve future interventions focusing on the health outcomes of incarcerated women. Key Words: incarcerated women& mental health & prison & yoga
The Modern Prison Manual states that reformation, rehabilitation and re-socialization are the prime objectives of prison management. Correctional team in Tamilnadu prisons has been implementing various counseling, psychotherapy and yoga programs to achieve the aim. The present study aims to investigate the effect of Simplified kundalini yoga among prison inmates. For the purpose 20 inmates belonging to remand, TamilnaduPrevention of Dangers Activities (TPDA), and convicts were selected from central prison, Salem, Tamilnadu. The subjects aged ranges from24 to55. The simplified Kundalini Yoga training consisting of simplified exercises, meditation and Kayakalpa yoga, was imparted to all the selected subjects. After completion of 15 days of training, a feedback about the effectiveness of the program was collected from all the subjects. Qualitative techniques of content analysis were used to analyse the feedback. The result revealed that all prisoners have problems with psychological, cognitive, physical and negative attitude towards life before practicing SKY yoga. Stress, lack of sleep, anxiety, lack of concentration and hopelessness are predominant problems reported by the prisoners before practicing SKY yoga. Practicing SKY yoga enhanced the physical, psychological and cognitive wellness of prisoners. Sound sleep, reduced anxiety, positive outlook towards life are the major signs of wellness achieved through the practicing of SKY yoga
Frontiers in Psychiatry
International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
This article presents results from a systematic review and two meta-analyses that examine whether prison yoga and meditation programs are significantly related to increased psychological well-being and improvements in the behavioural functioning of prisoners. Comprehensive searches of the empirical literature were conducted up to December 2014. Participants who completed yoga or meditation program in prison experienced a small increase in their psychological well-being (Cohen's d = 0.46, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.39, 0.54]) and a small improvement in their behavioural functioning (Cohen's d = 0.30, 95% CI = [0.20, 0.40]). Moderator analyses suggested that there was a significant difference in effect sizes for programs of longer duration and less intensity, compared with those that were shorter and more intensive, for psychological well-being. Programs of longer duration had a slightly larger positive effect on behavioural functioning (d = 0.424), compared with more i...
Vasistha A Khodaskar
The present study focused upon the efficacy of yogic practices for prison inmates to attain control over anxiety, aggression and impulsiveness. The male prisoners (N= 90) of Amravati district central jail, Amravati Maharashtra, who were charged with murder under Indian Penal Code 302 and who spent at least three years in prison were selected from convenient sample. Two equally identical groups of 45 participants were selected from experimental and control groups with in age range of 25 to 54 years, Anxiety aggression and impulsivity were measured by using standardized scales test. A numbers of significant psychological benefits including better emotional control, anger and anxiety management and dealing more positively with life behind the prison walls were noted. This study has demonstrated potential validity of yoga psychology as an important factor in reduction of anxiety, aggression and impulse control behaviors.
International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
International research provides support for yoga as a well-being intervention in prison. No systematic research has been undertaken in Australia to assess the effectiveness of prison yoga programs. In 2017, the authors, in partnership with Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Corrective Services and the Yoga Foundation, introduced a weekly pilot yoga program at the ACT prison. This article presents quantitative and qualitative findings from the program. Although the small sample size ( n = 8) is acknowledged, our findings indicate that participants attained statistically and clinically significant benefit from the program, demonstrated by improvements in their levels of depression, anxiety, self-esteem, goal-direction, negative affect, and non-acceptance. They also reported improved flexibility, sleep and relaxation, pain reduction, and identified improvements in their mental well-being, commenting that the program made them feel “calm” and “at peace.” The article concludes by advocat...
Yoga, together with other so-called holistic spiritual practices such as reiki or meditation, is one of the most popular spiritual disciplines in our contemporary society. The success of yoga crosses the boundaries between health, sport, religion, and popular culture. However, from a sociological point of view, this is a largely under-researched field. Aiming to fill this gap, this article analyzes the impact, meaning, and implications of the practice of yoga by taking prisons as the institutional context of the study. The growth of yoga in penitentiary settings is a recent trend in many countries and raises new questions concerning its potential to foster well-being and self-transformation. The research presented here applies Schutz's concepts of ''finite province of meaning'' and ''stock of knowledge'' to understand yoga's role in inmates' lives. The main argument of the article is that yoga is a body technique that affords inmates the possibility to enter into a ''finite province of meaning'' and transcend their everyday prison lives. However, the impact of yoga upon inmates' lives is not limited just to its physical effects as learning yoga also involves the acquisition of a ''spiritual stock of knowledge'' made up of Eastern philosophy, holistic concepts, and self-help therapeutic narratives. Indeed, physical movements and spiritual accounts constitute one another in the practice of yoga, thus opening up a pathway into a different reality; movement and spiritual discourse inform one another—and it is precisely in this reflexivity that ''transcendent experiences'' are created and yoga is made meaningful and important in the improvement-setting of the prison. This article is based on ethnographic fieldwork developed carried out in two different penitentiary institutions.
The Sixth Force in Cosmos
Yog or Yoga is a way of life, developed by Indian saints thousands of years ago. It has been practiced by billions of people since then and is still being practiced by millions around the world. In 2014, the United Nations has proclaimed the International Day of Yoga. Since 2016, Yoga may be regarded as one of the instruments for the implementation of the 2030 United Nations Sustainable Goals. Yoga as the science for right living and an instrument for the treatment of offenders is the subject of this criminological essay. It provides empirical insights into the treatment through Yoga via the spectrum of criminological findings and reviews. Keywords: Yoga, Behavior, Mind, Offenders, United Nations Sustainable development goals.
Bey Zekkoub Abdelali
Depression Research and Treatment
Krzysztof Bierski , CYTER - SBV
Dr Arun Pratap Singh
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International Journal of Indian Psychology
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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Frauke Musial , Christian Kessler
IP innovative publication pvt ltd
IP Innovative Publication Pvt. Ltd.
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Gyanesh Kumar Tiwari
Purakala, peer - reviewed, UGC-CARE listed,Vol. -31, Issue - 30, ISSN: 0971-2143, May -
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Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science
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Dr Edo Shonin
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brigitte sistig , Susan Friedman , Nathan Consedine
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY SCIENCE (IJNMS)
Lilik Ma'rifatul Azizah
PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences
Sushmita Nande nande
BJSTR Angela Roy
Scholar Science Journals
Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology
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