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Department of Defense (DoD)
The Department of Defense (DoD) is America's oldest and largest government agency. The DoD is responsible for providing the military forces needed to deter war and protect the security of the United States. The major elements of these forces are the Army, Navy, Air Force, Space Force, DARPA, CDMRP, and Marine Corps; see list under Department Links for frequently used agencies. DOD consists of a number of service components and other activities and it has a substantial annual research budget.
AFOSR: Air Force Office of Scientific Research
AFRL: Air Force Research Lab
ARO: Army Research Office
CDMRP: Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs
DARPA: Defense Advance Research Projects Agency
DURIP: Defense University Research Instrumentation Program
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MURI: Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative
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VAMCs: Veterans Administration Medical Centers (nationwide)
The DoD has long supported universities to perform state-of-the-art, competitive, basic research in science and engineering relevant to the DoD mission and reflecting national security priorities, while strengthening the future science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce. Each program can potentially have their own research programs, solicitations, and unique requirements (Unlike NIH/NSF with are fairly uniform in terms of proposal components and submission procedures). DoD awards may be in inform of grants, cooperative agreements, contracts, other transaction agreements (OTAs), or Technology Investment Agreements (TIAs).
A Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) is a competitive solicitation procedure used to obtain proposals for basic and applied research. The BAA contains priorities for research topics, eligibility requirements, instructions on the submission process, and required content for proposals. Each BAA is specific to that funding opportunity - please read these carefully, as they apply to the specific opportunity and may contain special requirements.
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Grant applications are submitted in accordance with individual broad agency announcements. Refer to the individual announcement for specific submission requirements.
You may be asked to submit an Idea Statement first to a program officer before submitting any required proposal materials. Also, there may be a formal, two step application process. You may be required to submit a white paper, followed by an invited full proposal. Carefully read the BAA for specific requirements. Below is a list of the usual documents that are part of a DoD proposal:
- White paper (this may be a required first step, with full proposals invited)
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DoD Policies and Regulations
All ONR, AFOSR, ARO, and ARL grants and funding increments on existing research grants to organizations subject to 2 CFR Part 215 will incorporate by reference the Research Terms and Conditions/Agency Specific Requirements .
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URA Presentation on Department of Defense
DoD 101 - Overview of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD)
Heilmeier Questions - Specific questions to answer in ANY research grant proposal. From DARPA.
University guide to working with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
DoD Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs (CDMRP)
- CDMRP: How to apply and tips for submission success
Grant applications must be downloaded and submitted through Grants.gov . This website will provide prospective grant applicants with information and all required documents for the Department of Defense application process.
DoD Data Strategy - Data management involves all stages of the digital data life cycle including capture, analysis, sharing, and preservation.
PhD Dissertation Defense Slides Design: Start
- Tips for designing the slides
- Presentation checklist
- Example slides
- Additional Resources
Purpose of the Guide
This guide was created to help ph.d. students in engineering fields to design dissertation defense presentations. the guide provides 1) tips on how to effectively communicate research, and 2) full presentation examples from ph.d. graduates. the tips on designing effective slides are not restricted to dissertation defense presentations; they can be used in designing other types of presentations such as conference talks, qualification and proposal exams, and technical seminars., the tips and examples are used to help students to design effective presentation. the technical contents in all examples are subject to copyright, please do not replicate. , if you need help in designing your presentation, please contact julie chen ([email protected]) for individual consultation. .
- Example Slides Repository
- Defense slides examples Link to examples dissertation defense slides.
- CIT Thesis and dissertation standards
- Dissertations and Theses @ Carnegie Mellon This link opens in a new window Covers 1920-present. Full text of some dissertations may be available 1997-present. Citations and abstracts of dissertations and theses CMU graduate students have published through UMI Dissertation Publishing. In addition to citations and abstracts, the service provides free access to 24 page previews and the full text in PDF format, when available. In most cases, this will be works published in 1997 forward.
- Communicate your research data Data visualization is very important in communicating your data effectively. Check out these do's and don'ts for designing figures.
Power Point Template and other Resources
- CEE Powerpoint Slide Presentation Template 1
- CEE Powerpoint Slide Presentation Template 2
Source: CEE Department Resources https://www.cmu.edu/cee/resources/index.html
- CMU Powerpoint Slide Template
Source: CMU Marketing and Communications
- Use of CMU logos, marks, and Unitmarks
Email me for questions and schedule an appointment
Top 7 tips for your defense presentation
1. show why your study is important, remember, your audience is your committee members, researchers in other fields, and even the general public. you want to convince all of them why you deserve a ph.d. degree. you need to talk about why your study is important to the world. in the engineering field, you also need to talk about how your study is useful. try to discuss why current practice is problematic or not good enough, what needs to be solved, and what the potential benefits will be. , see how dr. posen and dr. malings explained the importance of their studies..
- Carl Malings Defense Slides with Notes
- I. Daniel Posen Defense Slides with Notes
2. Emphasize YOUR contribution
Having a ph.d. means that you have made some novel contributions to the grand field. this is about you and your research. you need to keep emphasizing your contributions throughout your presentation. after talking about what needs to be solved, try to focus on emphasizing the novelty of your work. what problems can be solved using your research outcomes what breakthroughs have you made to the field why are your methods and outcomes outstanding you need to incorporate answers to these questions in your presentation. , be clear what your contributions are in the introduction section; separate what was done by others and what was done by you. , 3. connect your projects into a whole piece of work, you might have been doing multiple projects that are not strongly connected. to figure out how to connect them into a whole piece, use visualizations such as flow charts to convince your audience. the two slides below are two examples. in the first slide, which was presented in the introduction section, the presenter used a flow diagram to show the connection between the three projects. in the second slide, the presenter used key figures and a unique color for each project to show the connection..
- Xiaoju Chen Defense Slides with Notes
4. Tell a good story
The committee members do not necessarily have the same background knowledge as you. plus, there could be researchers from other fields and even the general public in the room. you want to make sure all of your audience can understand as much as possible. focus on the big picture rather than technical details; make sure you use simple language to explain your methods and results. your committee has read your dissertation before your defense, but others have not. , dr. cook and dr. velibeyoglu did a good job explaining their research to everyone. the introduction sessions in their presentations are well designed for this purpose. .
- Laren M. Cook Defense Slides with Notes
- Irem Velibeyoglu Defense with Notes
5. Transition, transition, transition
Use transition slides to connect projects , it's a long presentation with different research projects. you want to use some sort of transition to remind your audience what you have been talking about and what is next. you may use a slide that is designed for this purpose throughout your presentation. , below are two examples. these slides were presented after the introduction section. the presenters used the same slides and highlighted the items for project one to indicate that they were moving on to the first project. throughout the presentation, they used these slides and highlighted different sections to indicate how these projects fit into the whole dissertation. .
You can also use some other indications on your slides, but remember not to make your slides too busy. Below are two examples. In the first example, the presenter used chapter numbers to indicate what he was talking about. In the second example, the presenter used a progress bar with keywords for each chapter as the indicator.
Use transition sentences to connect slides
Remember transition sentences are also important; use them to summarize what you have said and tell your audience what they will expect next. if you keep forgetting the transition sentence, write a note on your presentation. you can either write down a full sentence of what you want to say or some keywords., 6. be brief, put details in backup slides , you won't have time to explain all of the details. if your defense presentation is scheduled for 45 minutes, you can only spend around 10 minutes for each project - that's shorter than a normal research conference presentation focus on the big picture and leave details behind. you can put the details in your backup slides, so you might find them useful when your committee (and other members of the audience) ask questions regarding these details., 7. show your presentation to your advisor and colleagues, make sure to ask your advisor(s) for their comments. they might have a different view on what should be emphasized and what should be elaborated. , you also want to practice at least once in front of your colleagues. they can be your lab mates, people who work in your research group, and/or your friends. they do not have to be experts in your field. ask them to give you some feedback - their comments can be extremely helpful to improve your presentation. , below are some other tips and resources to design your defense presentation. .
- Tips for designing your defense presentation
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Home Blog Presentation Ideas How To Do a Proper Thesis Defense Using the Right PowerPoint Presentation
How To Do a Proper Thesis Defense Using the Right PowerPoint Presentation
Writing a thesis is stressful, but preparing an oral defense can be even more painful. But it doesn’t have to be; with proper preparation and a good presentation, you will be able to better equip yourself comes time to present your thesis defense.
But what makes a good thesis defense?
A proper presentation helps you with your thesis defense because it helps you capture the panels’ attention and gives you cues and reminders on what to say as well.
It also helps keep your data organized while visually looking good and provides a flow structure for the rest of your presentation.
In today’s article, we will be giving you The Right PowerPoint Templates for Your Thesis Defense and a powerful outline composed of best practices and layouts specifically designed to help you defend your thesis in both written and oral presentations.
In the next segments of this article, we’ll walk you through the most feasible process on how to ace this kind of presentation.
Let’s dive into the outline of what makes a great thesis defense.
Thesis Defense Overview
- Type of Degree
Thesis and Dissertation Distinction Varies on Location
Three most common thesis defense myths, how to use chatgpt to structure your thesis.
- Literature Review
- Questions and Answers
- Contact Information
- Tips During Your Oral Defense
- More Quick Tips on How to Present
A thesis defense is composed of two parts – a thesis and a defense.
The thesis, according to Grad School Hub , represents a student’s collective understanding of his or her program and major.
Universities often include a thesis in every course as one of the final requirements to earn a particular graduate or postgraduate degree.
The thesis, however, isn’t just a mere requirement.
It helps the students to grow out of their shell from their respective discipline and give them the opportunity to present all the findings of their study.
Moreover, some people think a thesis is just a long essay, but it’s not. Unlike an essay, a thesis needs to assert something.
This can be considered one of the most crucial research documents that a student makes during their academic schooling .
On the other hand, defense is the presentation of the pieces of evidence to support and prove your research.
It’s the most essential part of the thesis process.
Your presentation has to be prepared to answer questions from members of the committee and any other panel present, and it’s your job to convince them and defend your thesis with ample proof.
Prior to presenting, you have to carefully determine what appropriate evidence should be presented before the panel, depending on what thesis you have to defend.
Thesis and Dissertation Distinguished
A thesis or dissertation is usually required to complete a particular graduate degree. These two words are often used interchangeably by most students when referring to research studies.
But while being almost similar in format or structure, it’s worth noting that they have significant differences that set them apart from each other.
The very reason why thesis and dissertation are treated the same is that these two are both extensive papers. Not just merely long essays like what others are claiming.
Both of these papers are extensive. This is why students are given ample time, usually the entire last semester of the last year of study, to complete all the requirements and finally acquire their degree.
With regards to structure, both papers are very similar with few differences.
Differences Between Thesis and Dissertation
One of the significant differences between the two is to whom the paper is assigned. A thesis is usually required for those students earning a bachelor’s or master’s degree. While a dissertation is for those, who want to obtain a doctorate degree.
However, not all students taking a master’s degree are required to make a thesis. Prior to their enrollment, they have been given a choice of whether they’ll go for a non-thesis program or with a thesis.
Those who have a plan to escalate their degree to a doctorate eventually should take the path of a thesis. This is to prepare themselves for a more extensive dissertation requirement as doctorate students. Otherwise, they will be only limited to earning a master’s degree.
But above all, the most significant difference between the two papers is the purpose for which it is written.
A thesis, like what has been mentioned above, is being done by students obtaining a bachelor’s or master’s degree and has the purpose of testing their understanding of the discipline they’re engaged with.
A thesis is focused on obtaining technical expertise.
On the other hand, a dissertation is made for students to come up with an original study that other researchers haven’t already studied.
USA: In the United States of America, they consider a thesis shorter than a dissertation. In fact, aside from being a requirement to graduate in college, a thesis is now also inculcated in master’s degree programs. And since the dissertation is more extensive, the thesis is treated as preliminary in gaining a doctorate degree.
Europe: The distinction between the two papers is almost opposite to that of the USA. In Europe, a dissertation is only a broader research study from a post-graduate program and not the making of original research. Instead, educational systems in the said continent treat the doctoral thesis as a more elaborate paper writing.
The difference between a thesis and a dissertation might not seem that big, but it’s important that we know what makes them different.
If your upcoming defense gives you pressure and uneasiness, it could be cause you are not sure what to expect. Today we will dispel three common thesis defense myths that will help you be more confident in your presentation.
“Answer all the questions correctly. Otherwise, your thesis won’t get approved.”
You are expected to have a focus on your research.
That being said, you have to study each part of your thesis, every detail, and even your sources.
You have to study and practice how to effectively deliver your presentation.
But don’t overthink to the extent that you’re stressing yourself to know everything perfectly.
Don’t overstress if you can’t answer one of the questions, this doesn’t necessarily mean the committee won’t approve your thesis.
You should know that research is a continuous study.
So you should expect that your committee will always be able to find a gap in your study to fill in future related research .
So in times you don’t exactly know the answer, admit it, and you’ll learn as they give their sides or suggestions.
Making up an answer will only displease your committee, so it’s to be upfront, honest, and transparent.
“The committee is just there to find holes in your study. They don’t care about you.”
One of the typical descriptions students have of the committee is that they are just there to poke holes in your thesis.
Going in with this perspective makes standing before them a nerve-wracking experience.
They’re not your enemy.
In fact, they are there to help you polish your study.
They might challenge you with difficult suggestions and tricky questions.
In the end, they will walk you through the process to come up with better results that won’t only benefit you but also your research.
They care about you and your study, and they’re ultimately there to make your thesis and the research better. Separate yourself from your work look at it objectively, and don’t take their comments personally .
“If your thesis defense isn’t successful, you have to start your thesis all over again”
An unsuccessful defense is one of the worst-case fears most students have.
One thing that you should be aware of is when you aren’t able to please your committee, you don’t need to start a new thesis again or go back to square one with your existing paper.
It’s unusual that your committee will ask you to change your topic and start from scratch again.
The fact that you’ve been permitted to defend your study means your research is almost complete.
They might suggest further details or ask you for minor revisions, and that’s normal.
But overall, you need to go into this defense thinking that your presentation will be successful. Otherwise, you are already setting yourself up for failure with the wrong mindset.
Remember that positive thoughts attract positive results.
Thesis Defense Presentation Structure and Slides Content
We can use language learning models like ChatGPT to help us curate the structure of our thesis presentation. Let’s see a step-by-step solution on how to apply this.
Step 1: Define the thesis topic and research questions
You can set the environment for ChatGPT to work by explaining what your thesis is going to cover and which specific questions you aim to address through the course of that document. This gives ChatGPT the context from which it shall formulate the structure. A prompt can be written like this:
“Take the role of an academic professional who shall help me to write my thesis. This thesis is going to cover the topic of (insert topic), and through its course, I want to answer these questions: Question 1 – Question 2 – Question 3 – Consider this information as the starting point for this chat.”
Step 2: Ask for an outline
With the previously provided information, ask ChatGPT to generate an outline for your presentation. If some of the points listed in the output don’t convince you, then chat with the interface until you reach a final outline. Then, ask to elaborate on each specific point for information or cues you may have overlooked.
Step 3: Ask ChatGPT which content should you place per slide
Instead of debating how are you going to trim your thesis into a presentation format, ask ChatGPT to do the decision process for you. You can be as specific as asking how many words per slide, how many slides should the presentation have, if you need any visual element, etc.
N.B.: We don’t recommend using ChatGPT to retrieve academic references as, in some cases, it can provide faulty results. You can ask if any facts on this presentation need to be checked or similar questions. ChatGPT is a powerful tool, but it shouldn’t be considered a bible, so be extra cautious about grabbing content directly from its outputs.
1. Title Page
This slide should contain the information that is provided on the title page of your hard copy . Here is an example of title page or cover slide for your title defense or thesis presentation.
- The title of your research paper
- Where you are studying
- Name and details of your course
- Name of Adviser
2. Introduction Slide
Your introduction slide should provide the committee with an idea of the following:
- What is the topic area that you are investigating ?
- What are the specific research questions that you set out to answer?
- Why is this question important to answer?
- What were the objectives of your research?
3. Literature Review Slide
It’s not necessary to cover everything that’s currently understood in the available literature. You may want to present the following content under a Literature Review slide:
- Relevant current research that is close to your topic
- Different theories that may apply to your specific area of research
- Areas of weakness that are currently highlighted
4. Methodology Slide
Make sure to touch the factors below within your process, and include the following in the Methodology slide:
- The type of study you have conducted: qualitative, quantitative, or mixed
- The methods that you chose and why
- Details of the population, sampling methods, and other information
- Provide information regarding how you have analyzed the data that you have collected
5. Results Slide
This part should give the committee/audience a good understanding of what you’ve discovered during your research. The statistics & results slide could include the final results of your analysis, here is an example:
- An overall description of the data that you collected during your research
- The results of the analysis that you have done on that data
- What were the most significant findings from your data
6. Discussion Slide
Highlight here the meaning of the findings in relation to your discipline program and the research that you have done:
- What are the major findings, and what do they mean with regard to your research
- How do these findings relate to what others have found in the past
- How can you explain any unusual or surprising result
7. Conclusions Slide
You have to end your presentation with a conclusion summarizing all that you have found within your research. Here is an example of a Conclusion slide in a Thesis presentation:
- Restate your research questions
- Show how your results answer these questions
- Show what contribution you have made
- State any limitations to the work you have done
- Suggest future research
- Make any recommendations
See Also: How to Create a Great Investors Pitch Deck and Close the Deal
8. Acknowledgements Slide
Express gratitude to your advisor, committee members, peers, and others who supported your research journey. This slide provides a moment to acknowledge the collaborative nature of academic work.
9. Questions and Answers Slide
Dedicate a slide for audience questions at the end of your presentation.
Encourage engagement by inviting questions from the audience.
Be prepared to provide clear and concise responses to inquiries.
10. References Slide
Include a slide listing your cited sources throughout your presentation.
Use a consistent citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.).
The References slide demonstrates your thorough engagement with existing literature.
11. Contact Information Slide
If you’re open to further inquiries or collaborations, consider adding your contact information.
Include your email address or relevant professional social media handles.
Tips During Your Oral Defense!
Review your materials.
Even if you already feel confident with your upcoming presentation, you still need to review your materials.
You can bring the hard copy of your thesis with you during the defense, but you don’t want to get lost in your presentation when you forget some specific details and have to scan your papers.
You should know your paper in and out.
Rehearse Your Presentation
It’s not wrong if it sounds like a script when you speak in your oral defense. It’s expected and understandable.
You need to practice your presentation, especially when there’s a time restriction given to every presenter.
You only need to prepare enough slides that would fit your time limit. A hundred slides aren’t suitable for a 15 to 20-minute presentation, nor 10 slides for an hour of defense.
Your rehearsal will be more effective if you practice it in front of an audience.
Note: You will experience complete silence in the defense room. You might feel awkward because, most of the time, you’re the only one speaking out loud. This is completely fine, and it’s something you should practice in rehearsal should you be afraid.
Narrow the Presentation of Ideas
Regarding your slides, you don’t have to include everything that’s in your paper. You should narrow down your ideas to the main points and the most important details, such as the statistics and findings.
If the members of your committee think you lack details or they want to hear a further explanation, they won’t hesitate to ask you.
Prepare for the Unexpected Questions
The panel tends to challenge the presenters, usually through some hard questions.
Its aim is how well do you you have done your research and how prepared you are.
But as long as you know the ins and outs of your paper, you shouldn’t lose your confidence regardless of which questions they ask.
Just keep in mind that what you’re saying in your oral defense is not in conflict with what is written on the hard copy you provided them.
What To Do When You Don’t Know the Answer
If the committee asks you a question and you don’t know the answer, don’t make up a baseless answer.
Baseless means out-of-context answers or something without proof or backup.
How To Deal With The Nervousness
The committee expects you to be nervous. Of course, it’s normal.
However, one effect of being nervous is the changes in your behavior.
There’s a tendency for you’ll talk fast, which will make it hard for the committee to understand you.
It might also cause you to have a mental block.
So try to slow down. Take a deep breath.
Inhale, exhale. Remember to breathe!
It’s OK to pause, and it’s OK to take your time; it’s more important that the committee clearly understands what you are trying to articulate.
More Quick Tips on How to Present!
- Introduce yourself at the beginning
- Introduce the title of the presentation
- Don’t read your notes if possible
- Don’t speak too fast
- Put an emphasis on what you’re saying so you don’t sound monotonous
- Look at your adviser once in a while for possible signs
- Stand on the right of the white screen if you are right-handed so you can easily refer to the slide without giving your back to the committee
- Face the audience when you talk
- Keep an eye contact
- Make sure to keep attention to the reactions of the committee and don’t forget to react in turn
We hope you enjoyed this article on how to do a proper thesis defense and how to best prepare for one using proven tips and techniques to help you get through this. Hopefully, after your defense, you will be set as the one in your class to deliver an inspiring graduation speech for your peers. If you have value, please remember to share this article. We also recommend you read these Thesis Statement Examples for inspiration to create your own professionally.
1. MasterDoc PowerPoint Template
Creating a Thesis presentation should be a straight forward task; based on your thesis document and following the tips described above you have a high level structure already outlined. The MasterDoc PowerPoint template provides professional layouts with texts and image placeholders; so you can create document like slides using your thesis defense as your content. This template is ideal for a highly detailed documents, where visuals and words unite to illustrate one concept per page. The result is an asset that can be read and digested more quickly than either your thesis document or a presentation created for assisting a speech. A document created with the MasterDoc PowerPoint templates is meant to be printed or distributed, read on screen without the accompaniment of a presenter or used in an e-learning platform as pure learning content.
Use This Template
2. Thesis Presentation PowerPoint Template
You had invested a considerable time researching, testing hypothesis and confirming your thesis. Craft your thesis presentation with the same level of detail you applied in your work. Using the Thesis Presentation PowerPoint Template you will focus only in your content and your message. The layouts, images,design and structure will be taken care by the template.
3. Master Thesis PowerPoint Template
The Master Thesis PowerPoint Template is a professional document designed for postgraduate degrees presentations. It provides simple sections that follow the structure and best practices of traditional research thesis presentations. Starting with the introduction to the theory and state of the art scenario; following with hypothesis research and its findings and concluding with the confirmation or negation of the initial thesis statement.
4. Essay Outline PowerPoint Template
Your thesis defense can be accompanied by an essay, that states your thesis and argues about it using several supporting paragraphs. This kind of document is ideal to be an intermediate step between reading assisting to the thesis presentation and reading the complete thesis documentation. It has more information that your thesis defense abstract, but does summarizes the supporting evidence and examples that allows the argument of each idea behind the thesis. You can use the Essay Outline Template to present your Essay outline and create an essay linked to your thesis defense documentation.
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Academics, Degree, Dissertation, Doctorate, Education, Faculty, Master, PhD, Student, Thesis Filed under Presentation Ideas
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Thesis Statement Examples
What makes a good thesis statement? Simple answer, precision and enough evidence to support your statement. In this article we analyze what are good thesis statements with examples.
36 Responses to “How To Do a Proper Thesis Defense Using the Right PowerPoint Presentation”
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Dissertation Proposal Defense: 12 Tips for Effective Preparation
Published by steve tippins on may 11, 2020 may 11, 2020.
Last Updated on: 30th August 2022, 04:25 am
The dissertation proposal defense is a nerve-wracking time for even the most hardened of doctoral students.
Even a pirate (writing his dissertation on effective cutlass techniques), will quake a bit in his boots before delivering his dissertation proposal defense.
However, it doesn’t need to be a stressful time.
As a longtime Dissertation Committee Chair and committee member, I’ve overseen more dissertation proposal defenses than I can count. I’ve also helped students through the process as a coach .
If you follow these tips for preparing and delivering your presentation, you shouldn’t have any problem passing your proposal defense.
Dissertation Proposal Defense Tips
Preparing for your Dissertation Proposal Defense
1. anticipate questions. .
In your presentation, try to answer all of the questions you expect your committee to ask. That way, you control the material. Your committee will be more satisfied with your preparation and understanding and it will be less likely that you have to answer questions that you aren’t prepared for.
2. Look for Weaknesses.
If there are potential weaknesses (in your study, proposal, or presentation), address them ahead of time. Ask peers or mentors to review your proposal or presentation for weaknesses. Look at it yourself with a critical eye. Even if you’re not able to eliminate a weakness, take steps to address it as best you can so that your committee can be confident that you’re aware of it and able to handle it.
Ideally, you would practice with someone who has been a committee member before. They’ll point out the types of questions they would see your committee asking, so you can prepare for those. I can’t understate the value of having this kind of feedback beforehand so that you can properly prepare. I offer this service as part of my dissertation coaching package .
4. Avoid Wordiness on PowerPoint Slides .
Most dissertation proposal defenses have PowerPoints. Don’t put too many words on the slides! People will start reading the slides instead of paying attention to you. Then they’re off somewhere else which will produce questions that you’ve already answered when they weren’t paying attention.
5. Be Able to Pronounce the Words Correctly.
This might sound obvious, but as a dissertation committee member , I’ve heard far too many students struggle through pronunciations of important terminology. This is probably because, up until this point, they’ve only read them and not spoken them out loud.
However, it gives the committee the impression that they don’t know what they’re talking about. Make sure you can properly pronounce all the words you plan on using (like “phenomenological” and “anthropomorphism,”).
6. Watch Recordings of Previous Defenses.
Some schools have recordings of previous defenses. Listen to one or two. See how the procedure goes. Even if it’s not anything in your discipline, it will still help you get familiar with the procedure itself, which will help you be more comfortable when the time comes.
During your Dissertation Proposal Defense:
7. breathe . .
I’ve seen way too many people try to do their dissertation proposal defense seemingly in one breath. Give your committee time to hear and understand what you’re saying. Remember to leave some moments of silence to allow your audience to digest what you say. Also remember that one second of actual time feels like about thirty minutes to someone who’s giving an important presentation. Breathe.
8. Remember: They Want to Pass You.
If you’ve gotten to the point where your committee has scheduled a dissertation proposal defense for you, that means they believe that you can pass it. They want to pass you. Remember that.
They’re not out to screw you, they’re not out for “gotchas.” They’re saying, “we believe you’re ready, show us that’s true.” While they will be rigorous in their evaluation because they have a responsibility to make sure that they don’t allow you to move forward until you are ready to, it’s helpful to remember that they believe you can pass.
9. Answer the Question, No More.
When committee members ask questions, answer only the question–don’t give them anything more than that. Imagine that you’re a witness in a courtroom (or don’t if that makes you more nervous). Committee members value direct, relevant answers and often find tangents irrelevant and frustrating.
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10. Dialogue With Your Committee.
If the committee disagrees with something you said, it can be a discussion. You don’t need to just roll over and say “Yes, you’re right. I made a mistake and I’m very bad.” That’s not what your committee wants to hear, either.
A much better response would be, “I hear what you’re saying, however, this is the reason I’m going in this other direction. What do you think about that?” So you’re beginning to engage in discussions as a scholar. Your committee will be impressed by your ability to think critically and your willingness to engage in dialogue.
However, do not make it adversarial. It’s incredibly important to be respectful in these conversations. After all, your committee members have significant control over your life for as long as you’re writing your dissertation.
11. Make Life Easy for Your Committee.
It’s always good to send your committee members a copy of your PowerPoint presentation and the most recent copy of your proposal the day before the defense. They likely already have a copy, but when in doubt, make their lives easier. It doesn’t cost you anything. Someone might accidentally have an old copy, or might take them some time to find the copy they have. You want their life to be as easy as possible so they can focus on moving you forward.
12. Pay Attention to Time.
Ask your Chair (in the preparation stage) how long you have to make your presentation. It’s extraordinarily important to stay within this timeframe. If you’re told 25 minutes but you take 50 minutes, committee members are predisposed to say “why isn’t this person better prepared, and why are they wasting my time?”
Likewise, if you run through a 30-minute presentation in ten minutes (nervousness can sometimes lead to very fast talking–that’s why it’s important to practice beforehand), your committee will be wondering why you didn’t use the whole time that was allotted to you. And you’ll likely have to field a lot of questions you weren’t prepared for.
Dissertation Proposal Defense Summary
As long as you prepare properly, your dissertation proposal defense should be nothing to worry about. Your committee thinks you’re ready: all you have to do is show them you’re right.
If you’d like help preparing for your defense, or if you’d like to reduce the amount of time it takes to finish your dissertation, take a look at my Dissertation Coaching Services .
Book a Free Consultation
Book a Free Consultation with one of our expert coaches today.
Steve Tippins, PhD, has thrived in academia for over thirty years. He continues to love teaching in addition to coaching recent PhD graduates as well as students writing their dissertations. Learn more about his dissertation coaching and career coaching services. Book a Free Consultation with Steve Tippins
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How to prepare an excellent thesis defense
- What is a thesis defense?
If you're about to complete, or have ever completed a graduate degree, you have most likely come across the term "thesis defense." In many countries, to finish a graduate degree, you have to write a thesis .
A thesis is a large paper, or multi-chapter work, based on a topic relating to your field of study.
Once you hand in your thesis, you will be assigned a date to defend your work. Your thesis defense meeting usually consists of you and a committee of two or more professors working in your program. It may also include other people, like professionals from other colleges or those who are working in your field.
During your thesis defense, you will be asked questions about your work. The main purpose of your thesis defense is for the committee to make sure that you actually understand your field and focus area.
The questions are usually open-ended and require the student to think critically about their work. By the time of your thesis defense, your paper has already been evaluated. The questions asked are not designed so that you actually have to aggressively "defend" your work; often, your thesis defense is more of a formality required so that you can get your degree.
- Check with your department about requirements and timing.
- Re-read your thesis.
- Anticipate questions and prepare for them.
- Create a back-up plan to deal with technology hiccups.
- Plan de-stressing activities both before, and after, your defense.
- How long is a thesis defense?
How long your oral thesis defense is depends largely on the institution and requirements of your degree. It is best to consult your department or institution about this. In general, a thesis defense may take only 20 minutes, but it may also take two hours or more. The length also depends on how much time is allocated to the presentation and questioning part.
Tip: Check with your department or institution as soon as possible to determine the approved length for a thesis defense.
- What happens at a thesis defense?
First of all, be aware that a thesis defense varies from country to country. This is just a general overview, but a thesis defense can take many different formats. Some are closed, others are public defenses. Some take place with two committee members, some with more examiners.
The same goes for the length of your thesis defense, as mentioned above. The most important first step for you is to clarify with your department what the structure of your thesis defense will look like. In general, your thesis defense will include:
- your presentation of around 20-30 minutes
- questions from the committee
- questions from the audience (if the defense is public and the department allows it)
You might have to give a presentation, often with Powerpoint, Google slides, or Keynote slides. Make sure to prepare an appropriate amount of slides. A general rule is to use about 10 slides for a 20-minute presentation.
But that also depends on your specific topic and the way you present. The good news is that there will be plenty of time ahead of your thesis defense to prepare your slides and practice your presentation alone and in front of friends or family.
Tip: Practice delivering your thesis presentation in front of family, friends, or colleagues.
You can prepare your slides by using information from your thesis' first chapter (the overview of your thesis) as a framework or outline. Substantive information in your thesis should correspond with your slides.
Make sure your slides are of good quality— both in terms of the integrity of the information and the appearance. If you need more help with how to prepare your presentation slides, both the ASQ Higher Education Brief and James Hayton have good guidelines on the topic.
Questions from the committee
The committee will ask questions about your work after you finish your presentation. The questions will most likely be about the core content of your thesis, such as what you learned from the study you conducted. They may also ask you to summarize certain findings and to discuss how your work will contribute to the existing body of knowledge.
Tip: Read your entire thesis in preparation of the questions, so you have a refreshed perspective on your work.
While you are preparing, you can create a list of possible questions and try to answer them. You can foresee many of the questions you will get by simply spending some time rereading your thesis.
- 6 tips to help you prepare for your thesis defense
Here are a few tips on how to prepare for your thesis defense:
1. Anticipate questions and prepare for them
You can absolutely prepare for most of the questions you will be asked. Read through your thesis and while you're reading it, create a list of possible questions. In addition, since you will know who will be on the committee, look at the academic expertise of the committee members. In what areas would they most likely be focused?
If possible, sit at other thesis defenses with these committee members to get a feel for how they ask and what they ask. As a graduate student, you should generally be adept at anticipating test questions, so use this advantage to gather as much information as possible before your thesis defense meeting.
2. Dress for success
Your thesis defense is a formal event, often the entire department or university is invited to participate. It signals a critical rite of passage for graduate students and faculty who have supported them throughout a long and challenging process.
While most universities don't have specific rules on how to dress for that event, do regard it with dignity and respect. This one might be a no-brainer, but know that you should dress as if you were on a job interview or delivering a paper at a conference.
3. Ask for help, as needed
It might help you deal with your stress before your thesis defense to entrust someone with the smaller but important responsibilities of your defense well ahead of schedule. This trusted person could be responsible for:
- preparing the room of the day of defense
- setting up equipment for the presentation
- preparing and distributing handouts
4. Have a backup plan
Technology is unpredictable. Life is too. There are no guarantees that your Powerpoint presentation will work at all or look the way it is supposed to on the big screen. We've all been there. Make sure to have a plan B for these situations. Handouts can help when technology fails, and an additional clean shirt can save the day if you have a spill.
5. Prepare for the possibility that you might not know an answer
One of the scariest aspects of the defense is the possibility of being asked a question you can't answer. While you can prepare for some questions, you can never know exactly what the committee will ask.
There will always be gaps in your knowledge. But your thesis defense is not about being perfect and knowing everything, it's about how you deal with challenging situations. You are not expected to know everything.
James Hayton writes on his blog that examiners will sometimes even ask questions they don't know the answer to, out of curiosity, or because they want to see how you think. While it is ok sometimes to just say "I don't know", he advises to try something like "I don't know, but I would think [...] because of x and y, but you would need to do [...] in order to find out.” This shows that you have the ability to think as an academic.
6. De-stress before, during, and after
You will be nervous. But your examiners will expect you to be nervous. Being well prepared can help minimize your stress, but do know that your examiners have seen this many times before and are willing to help, by repeating questions, for example. Dora Farkas at finishyourthesis.com notes that it’s a myth that thesis committees are out to get you.
Two common symptoms of being nervous are talking really fast and nervous laughs. Try to slow yourself down and take a deep breath. Remember what feels like hours to you are just a few seconds in real life.
- Try meditational breathing right before your defense.
- Get plenty of exercise and sleep in the weeks prior to your defense.
- Have your clothes or other items you need ready to go the night before.
- During your defense, allow yourself to process each question before answering.
- Go to dinner with friends and family, or to a fun activity like mini-golf, after your defense.
Allow yourself to process each question, respond to it, and stop talking once you have responded. While a smile can often help dissolve a difficult situation, remember that nervous laughs can be irritating for your audience.
We all make mistakes and your thesis defense will not be perfect. However, careful preparation, mindfulness, and confidence can help you feel less stressful both before, and during, your defense.
Finally, consider planning something fun that you can look forward to after your defense.
- Frequently Asked Questions about preparing an excellent thesis defense
It is completely normal to be nervous. Being well prepared can help minimize your stress, but do know that your examiners have seen this many times before and are willing to help, by repeating questions for example if needed. Slow yourself down, and take a deep breath.
Your thesis defense is not about being perfect and knowing everything, it's about how you deal with challenging situations. James Hayton writes on his blog that it is ok sometimes to just say "I don't know", but he advises to try something like "I don't know, but I would think [...] because of x and y, you would need to do [...] in order to find out".
Your Powerpoint presentation can get stuck or not look the way it is supposed to do on the big screen. It can happen and your supervisors know it. In general, handouts can always save the day when technology fails.
- Dress for success.
- Ask for help setting up.
- Have a backup plan (in case technology fails you).
- Deal with your nerves.
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Powerpoint Templates For Proposal Defense
Transcript: OPTIMIZATION OF GRAPHENE FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTOR (GFET) USING TAGUCHI-BASED GREY RELATIONAL ANAYLSIS (GRA) MUHAMMAD ARIFF AFFIAN BIN CHE LAH B021410235 DR FAUZIYAH BINTI SALEHUDDIN 1 This project is about a new bilayer graphene field-effect (Bi-GFET) design that will be proposed to replace the older version of MOSFET’s layout. Meanwhile, in order to achieve the higher on-current (ION) characteristics, new metal gate/high-k dia-electric will be chose to replace the conventional poly-silicon/SiO2. Taguchi-based grey relational analysis (GRA) method will be applied as optimization methods for variety of propose parameters. These parameters must achieve the most optimum value that accepted by Low Power (LP) technology by International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductor (ITRS). INTRODUCTION ORIGINAL VERSION ORIGINAL VERSION Bi-GRAPHENE LAYOUT Bi-GRAPHENE LAYOUT OBJECTIVES 2 #1 The main goal of this research is to optimize the grapheme field-effect transistor (GFET) device using Taguchi-based grey relational analysis (GRA). The objectives are specific: #2 1) To design MOSFET-like GFET by using ATHENA and ATLAS modus of SILVACO software. #3 2) To obtain and analyze the most optimum value of process parameters of Bi-GFET that meet the requirement of low power (LP) technology by International Technology Roadmap Semiconductor (ITRS) SCOPE OF WORK This project execution is based on simulation and parameters measurement. The traditional MOSFET’s layout will be replaced with bilayer graphene FET (Bi-FET). Metal gate/high-k dia-electrics will be used to change the conventional poly-silicon/SiO2. The fabrication of the graphene field-effect transistor (GFET) will be done by using ATHENA module in SILVACO’s TCAD tool. Meanwhile, ATLAS module in SILVACO’s TCAD will be used to measure all parameters and electrical characteristics. Meanwhile, Taguchi-based (GRA) will be optimization method for all the parameters and will be applied to obtain the most optimum parameters of Bi-GFET. PROBLEM STATEMENT Based on Moore’s Law, number of transistors per square inch on integrated circuits had doubled every year since their invention and suggests exponential growth is unlikely to continue. These are because there are many limitations in the transistor to overcome such as silicon transistors can age and fail. Transistors also have limited power-handling capabilities. To propose layout with better efficiency, low power consumption and high on-current, a brand new layout is propose. A lot of experiments are conducted to search variation of new design and materials to likely overcome these limitations. PROJECT SIGNIFICANCE Graphene FET can be used as detector of ionizing radiation due to the sensitivity of graphene to ionization-induced local electric field perturbations. Graphene also widely implement in electronic applications. Transparent conductor application also optimizing graphene FET in their used. REFERENCE  Shintaro Sato, “Application of graphene to electronics device”, Active-Matrix Flatpunel Displays and Device (AM-FPD), 2017 24th International Workshop, 2017.  Pierre-Antoine Haddad, Denis Flandre and Jean-Pierre Raskin, “A Quasi-Static Model of Silicon Substrate effect in Graphene field effect transistors’, IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol 38, issue 7, pp. 987-990, July 2017.  Renyan Jiang and Xing Yao, “A response-based method for analyzing data from Taguchi experiments”, Second International Conference on Reliability System Engineering (ICRSE), pp. 1-6, 2017.  R. Stanley Williams, “What’s Next? [ The End of the Moore’s Law] “, Computing in Science and Engineering, vol 19, issue 2, pp. 7-13, 2017.  Li D. and Kaner R.B, “Graphene-Based Materials”, Material Science, vol 320, pp. 1170-1171, 2008. ? Question Time? Thank Your Audience! Goodbye Now!
Transcript: Purpose: To bring awareness to the community that there are more homeless families out there than you think. Mission Statement: "The Salvation Army, an international movement, is an evangelical part of the universal Christian Church. Its message is based on the Bible. Its ministry is motivated by the love of God. Its mission is to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ and to meet human needs in His name without discrimination." The Salvation Army is now ministering to over 120 countries world wide In the US alone, they help over 33 million people per year Goals: Movie Night/ Pizza and Popcorn Offer Tutoring Donating Clothes Food Drive Plans Activity Accomplishments: To extend our best effort to help our community to have a better understanding of this issue and to encourage them to help fix this problem. In the 2012-2013 school year, there was a reported 1,450 children homeless in Lee County By the age of 12, 83% of homeless children have been exposed to at least one violent event 25% have witnessed acts of violence within their families In Lee County, 70% of all children all eligible for free or reduced lunch Some areas as high as 98% Point in time (PIT): January 21, 2014 Includes sheltered and unsheltered homes 871 were surveyed 224 were chronically homeless 56 have disabling condition Between PIT, HMIS, and the school district of Lee County they estimated about 2,790 people in Lee County for 2014 The Salvation Army plays a big part in funding for homeless needs in Lee County Just because a person is not on the streets doesn't mean they are not homeless. There are numerous homeless children, adolescents, adults, and elderly that most people are not aware of. According to statsbrains.com, there are over one million people in the US alone that are homeless. only 30% of those are fed daily Introduction- Why We Are Passionate Founded in 1856 by William Booth British Minister Left Methodist new connection to start his own mission Wanted to "reach for the worst" Was originally called Christian Mission Came up with the name Salvation Army in 1878 Booth focused on material, emotional, and spiritual needs Helped with addiction services, food for the hungry, shelter for the homeless, etc. Throughout the years, more people helped with services Thus, making the organization grow rapidly Evolving Services Childcare Education Family Counseling AIDS Care and counseling Disaster Relief Holiday Services Did you know that there are many forms of homelessness? Goals/Purposes/Accomplishments We all have several special talents that we can combine to work within ourselves as a group and with our partner agency. (The Salvation Army) Jarri: Organizer; Scribe Our Roles Conclusion Rebakah: Contact/Outreach Person Ashley: Youth-Oriented Proposal Defense Taking all of this in consideration, our group is focused on making an impact into this community with the aid of the Salvation Army to carry out this plan of improving and making others aware of the problems we have with homelessness. Background
Transcript: Aspects of Religion Social Support Private Religiosity N=1495 2 wave panel study of adults in Miami Florida Ethnically representative Oversampling of individuals with physical disabilities Religion and Mental Health: Examining the Nature of the Relationship Aspects of Religion Regression of Depression on Chronic Stress and Interaction Terms Religion Religious Group Participation Mental Health Committee Suggestions Include additional literature review on depression - measurement and sociological significance Present further review of Durkheim's work on religion and mental health Refer consistently to "depression" rather than "mental health" Must state research questions directly in order to reveal biases Present hueristic models illustrating hypotheses Examine potential effects of demographic variables on depression Note specific limitations in data set (-) Correlation Matrix of Continuous Measures Religious Group Participation Individual Religiosity Hypotheses Religious Coping Social Stress Religion had been argued to impact mental health Mediation and moderation effects have also been theorized Longitudinal data is required in order to test these relationships Many existing studies are limited by use of cross-sectional data H1 (main effect): Individual religiosity and religious group participation at Wave 1 will be associated with changes in depressive symptoms between Wave 1 and 2. H2 (mediation): The relationship between prior religion and changes in depressive symptoms will be mediated by mastery and social support. H3 (stress-buffering): The relationship between social stressors and depressive symptoms will be stronger at lower levels of religion and weaker at higher levels of religion. Durkheim found a relationship between religion and suicide. He theorized that social integration through religion benefitted mental health. Sociologists have been interested in the link between religion and mental health ever since. Mental Health Religion Individual Religiosity DV = CES-D Depression Scale Theoretical Framework IVs = Subjective Religiosity Religious Coping Religious worship attendance Personal Mastery Social Support (Family and Friends) Chronic Stress Scale Demographic Controls Background Mental Health Stress Process Theory Stress Buffering Sample Mediation Temporal Order Research Questions Religion Mental Health (-) Personal Mastery (+) Measures Theoretical Framework Subjective Religiosity Regression of Depressive Symptoms on Religion and Mediators How are different aspects of religion associated with mental health? To what degree are these relationships mediated by personal and social resources? Does religion buffer the effects of social stress on mental health ? Religious Group Participation Descriptive Statistics (+) (+) Thesis Proposal: Stephanie Hansard Thesis Chair: Mathew Gayman Committee: Don Reitzes and Erin Ruel Research has shown a relationship between religion and mental health. Many studies show a positive relationship Other studies show a negative relationship Different aspects of religion may be related to mental health differently Mental Health (-) Stress is harmful to mental health. Personal and social resources are useful in coping with stress. Religion may be a source of personal and social resources (personal mastery and social support).
Transcript: A CORRELATIONAL STUDY BETWEEN THE BODY MASS INDEX OF SELECTED STUDENT NURSES AND THE AMOUNT OF TIME UTILIZED QUALITY BED-MAKING PROCEDURE Can the Body Mass Index of a student nurse affect his or her utilize of time in performing quality occupied bed making procedure? To determine the Body Mass Index (BMI) of selected second year nursing students. To correlate the range of time it takes for a student nurse to perform bed making according to their body mass index. To find out the correlation of increases BMI from normal BMI with fairness and equality. To prove or disprove if there is a direct relationship between the speed of a student nurse performance of work to his or her body mass index. Non-experimental descriptive correlational quantitative research design. College of Nursing at a university in Quezon City. 2010-2011 Second year Nursing students 2010-2011 Second year Nursing students. Stratified clustered random sampling. Beds in the skills laboratory. Dummy for occupied bed making. Weight and weight measuring instrument. Draw sheets. Top sheets. Bottom sheets. Pillow cases. Pillows. Standard stopwatch. Body mass index chart. Descriptive analysis Correlation of two (2) variables: Pearson's r. II. Body Mass Index A. Definition B. Diagnostic Examination C. Computation (Gender and Age) General V. Synthesis Methodology Research Instrument Research Design mrs. maria glenda l. morales, rn, man research adviser Outline of Literature Time Taken to Perform Procedure Specific Theoretical Framework Student Nurse Sample Population and Sampling Instrument Quality of Work Performance To know whether there is a relationship between the body mass index of a student nurse and the amount of time utilized in quality occupied bed making procedure. Timetable III. Overweight and Obesity A. Definition B. Prevalence C. Incidence D. Effects of Overweight and Obesity 1. Range of Motion 2. Gait Patterns 3. Physical Activity E. Cases of Overweight and Obese Nurses Objectives Research Problem Flowchart of Methodology Data Gathering Technique Research Locale Preperatory Phase Entry Study Exit First Part of Research riel, josef vincynt s. orozco, marie antonette s. pascual, robin john f. pronstroller, tara stephanie o. rana, arian derick a. ravarra, alaiza abigael a. real, nonamarie a. 3nu08-group 7 BMI of Selected Student Nurses Data Analysis Second Part of Research Occupied Bed Making Procedure I. Introduction A. Occupied Bed Making WEIGHT
PowerPoint Game Templates
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: John M. Wambui MSW, MA. UAPP The emergence and the role of autonomous civil society organizations in urban marginal communities. An assessment of Grassroots Organizations in Kibera Chapter 1 Introduction What is a Community? and What are its most basic elements? Community .....is a group of people with diverse characteristics who are linked together by social ties, shared perspectives, a sense of social and cultural coherence, and engage in collective action in a given geographic location or setting (MacQueen et al., 2001). In this definition, three contextual characteristics of a community emerge i.e. Place, Interest, and Communion (Smith, 2001). A Community... Basic Elements Based on the established definition and core elements of a community, can a slum, a place too often considered chaotic and disorderly be defined as a community? A Slum as a Community? A slum as a place of metropolitan degradation and desolation Two Arguments of Slums Traditional Argument Statistical Dilemma Global slum population growing by an average of 6 million people per year since 2000 and 56% of this growth is taking place in Sub-Sahara Africa (PSUP, 2016). About 59% of urban population in Sub-Sahara Africa lives in slums (PSUP, 2016; World Bank Group, 2016). In Asia & Pacific, 28% of urban residents reside in slums. In Latin America & Caribbean region, 21% of urban population reside in slums. Today, around 1 billion people live in slums accounting for 1 in 8 people (PSUP, 2016). This population is projected to double by 2030 with much of the increase taking place in developing nations. Need for an alternative view of slums Viewed from inside, a slum presents a highly organized and integrated social system (Whyte, 1943) There is a need to understand how a slum function as a social system (Jacobs, 1992; Bayat, 2007) A slum as a place of metropolitan innovation and collective ingenuity Contemporary Argument Slum as a Community In this study, I define a slum as a community where people share common experiences, norms, habits, interests, and communion among other traits. Body of literature defining a slum as a coherent community (Boo, 2012; Gilbert, 2007b; Jacobs, 1992; Neuwirth, 2006; Roy, 2011). To solve slum's challenges, there is a need to understand how people living there collectively organize to address common vulnerabilities (Bayat, 2007; Coleman, 1990; Field, 2003; Holston & Caldeira, 2008; Jacobs, 1992; Putnam, 2000; Whyte, 1943) Research Questions Research purpose is to: Explore how the local community in slums navigate prevailing environmental vulnerabilities through collective actions and local mobilization techniques. Highlight how local creativity, innovation, resilience, and adaptability compose skill-sets that enable households in slums to navigate diverse social and environmental vulnerabilities particularly in the areas of sanitation, health, education, and employment. Using local grassroots networks as proxies for local imagination and collective ideology, the study is guided by the following three research questions. Research Questions @ John Wambui (2016) "Research is creating new knowledge" Neil Armstong Research Significance Bridge the gaps in both theoretical and policy understanding of slums. Scholarly contribution to the existing body of knowledge particularly in commuity development. Professional development in the field of academia and social policy. Evaluative purpose-Highlights the role of grassroots organizations in community development. Extensive body of literature and theories exist highlighting the importance of civil society organizations in community development Literature Review Chapter 2 Literature Diverse social organizations emerge to serve diverse purposes: Some emerge as instruments for social, economic, political, and cultural mobilization (Coleman, 1990; Putnam, 2000; Bourdieu, 1984; Loury, 1977; Whyte, 1943). Others emerge to initiate, maintain, or disrupt the status quo (Morrison, 1987). Some emerge to protect certain social and spatial identities (Whyte, 1943). And others (as conceptualized in this study) emerge to highlight the collective ideology, creativity, and innovation. In the context of slums, formal and informal social networks highlight social coherence and self organization in a place too often considered chaotic and disorderly (Whyte, 1943; Jacobs,1992; Holston, 2008: Holston and Caldeira, 2008; Kayizzi-Mugerwa et al., 2014). Social networks, especially grassroots initiatives are perceived as alternative suppliers of public goods and services in areas where state fails as a provider (Abdul-Raheem, 1996; Heller, 1996; Ostrom, 1990; Ostrom, 1996; Wilson, 1987). Existing Literature Investment in education by different organizations in Kibera Three critical factors are necessary for the formation of civil society organizations (Fox, 1996) Political opportunities for collective action (referrred as activators in this dissertation) Social energy and ideas that motivate reactions
Transcript: Researchers College library Future Researchers Residents of Paciano Consumers Entrepreneurs Government comes from the initial letter of the surnames of the researchers Demand Analysis Factors affecting Demand Supply Analysis Factors affecting Supply Retailers/ Sari-sari stores Cleaning Stage Chopping and Pulverizing Stage Making a Custard mixture stage Boiling Stage Mixing Stage Freezing Stage Stirring Stage Storing Stage Research and Development Acquisition of Capital Business Registration Fixed Asset: P 216, 190.50 Pre-Operating Expenses: 10, 360.00 Operating Expenses: 175, 278.70 Working Capital: 336, 308.51 Total P738, 137.71 Contingency (1.607%) 11, 862.29 Total Cost of Investment P 750, 000.00 Thank you A healthier way of eating Ice Cream! It will be significant to the following: Production Flow Research Design: Survey forms Interviews Sample free tastes Marketing Program... Cost of Investment photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 3: Technical Aspect Pre-Operating Period... The End... General Market Information... Source of Investment Php 10, 360.00 Production of Veggie Gelato (The population of the study covers Calamba City) Significance of the Study Evangeline Ballocanag P 50, 000.00 Karen Adriano 50, 000.00 Jerald Barairo 50, 000.00 Jenevieve Estopil 50, 000.00 Prospective Investor/Creditor: (Mrs. Francisca M. Adriano) 550, 000.00 Total P 750, 000.00 Sanitizing Stage this part is the lifeblood of the study Chapter 5: Financial Aspect Pre-Operating Expenses... ABBE Company Packing Stage Php 8.00 The product provides.... ABBE Company Channel of Distribution Final Consumers (cc) image by jantik on Flickr Cooling Stage Manufacturing Process business name... Chapter 4: Management Aspect 5+7= (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr Unit Selling Price.... Chapter 2: Marketing Aspect
Transcript: System Objectives TEEM PIRATES company profile Figure 3.2: Student Cumulative Record (Report Promotion) statement of the problem Figure 3: Student Cumulative Record Form Figure 4: Student Form 137 Figure 2: Enrollment Form To provide a fast and accurate assessment result •To provide a fast and easy way of tracking student’s rank record •To provide a precise and uncomplicated reports of School General Aptitude The Davao City Special National High School, a day school and Education facility for the Exceptional learners is the only Government Special Education high School of its kind in Davao City. It caters to the learning needs and problems of a variety of the exceptionalities, such as the Hearing Impaired (H.I.) the learning disabled (LD) and the mentally gifted (MG) . the school is managed by a newly appointed principal Ms florence victoria who is responsible to the Division and Regional SPED Committees. The school stands in a one (1) hectare campus for both Elementary and High school at Bangkal, Davao City and has a building complex which includes a covered court, computer laboratory, science laboratory, Home Economics room, faculty room, English Center, Guidance Center, Students Center, and eight (8) classrooms. and 20 teacher. Acuña, Jan Ryan Cagumbay, Jemenie Seth Gorgonio, Axyl Rose Morado, Adnan Peñafiel, Axel •Time-Consuming in generating Assessment Result •Slackened process of sectioning old students by year •Difficult and inaccurate making students SGA(School General Aptitude) Figure 1: Registration Form/ Assessment Form Student Information Management system for DAVAO CITY SPECIAL NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL Project goals Scope and Limitation The study focuses on the Student Information Management System of Davao City Special National High which involves the following: student assessment result. Student Profiling, scheduling process of the school during enrollment. School General Aptitude, The project only focuses on the student information management. •The goal of this project is to innovate the management of student records by improving the existing information system of the school, the transactions will going to be fast, to have accurate result, and satisfying reports of every transactions. Figure 3.1: Student Cumulative Record (Personal Data) Document Analysis
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NJSIAA votes to lengthen fall and spring HS sports seasons, create flexible start dates
Seeking greater flexibility for member schools to schedule games over a longer period of time, the NJSIAA passed an initial proposal at Wednesday’s virtual Executive Committee meeting that shifts future sports calendars for the fall and spring seasons.
“I think this is another giant step in the right direction,” NJSIAA executive director Colleen Maguire said during her presentation. “It’s a good middle ground to provide flexibility and consistency that our leagues and conferences need.”
Wednesday marked a first reading and vote of the proposal by the full Executive Committee. It needs to pass a second reading at the Dec. 6 meeting to take effect.
The biggest change is that the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association, the governing body for high school sports in the state, will no longer set a competition start date − except for football − and will give schools the flexibility to start playing regular-season games at their own discretion provided that six days of practice and one rest day have been observed.
Instead, the NJSIAA will set a competition end date for most fall and spring sports (again, football is separate) and allow flexibility for each sport's state tournament, giving each sport three weeks on the calendar to play postseason games, while Maguire noted that most only need two.
The max number of games for each sport will remain the same.
For the 2024-25, the proposed practice start date for football and girls tennis is Aug. 12, with other sports starting practice Aug. 19.
Hypothetically, a North Jersey soccer program could skip scrimmages and schedule regular-season games after one week. But once a team plays a regular season game, it can’t go back and play scrimmages.
How we got here
Many fall coaches have expressed disappointment with trying to schedule games and practices in what had become a condensed season. Spring sports coaches had also raised issues with the condensed calendar the NJSIAA has been working under since the 2021-22 season.
The NJSIAA is basically giving member schools the flexibility to start games when they see fit, a model that is used by several other states. It’s also trying to accommodate regular-season schedules that include county and conference tournaments.
Next year's fall state tournaments would begin Nov. 4, 2024 with competition ending Nov. 24, the Sunday before Thanksgiving.
Maguire said the feedback she’s received from member schools and colleagues in other states is that a model in which individual schools get to set their own dates to start practices and games is preferred.
“Our approach is a little outdated,” Maguire said. “There is no one-size-fits-all system, so let’s focus on what everyone can agree on first.”
Maguire said the NJSIAA will use the Sunday before the Juneteenth holiday to set the competition end date moving forward for the spring. This means for the 2024-25 school year, the proposed competition end date is June 15, with practice starting March 10.
By-law changes passed
The Executive Committee gave final approval to a by-law clarification involving the recruitment of K-8 students, saying that offering scholarships, money and housing as an enticement for athletes to attend schools would be a violation.
While this may be clear to some, the NJSIAA wanted to make sure this rule was specifically on the books to prevent a school or coach providing the defense that there was no rule against it.
How many college credits needed for coaching?
Chief operating officer Tony Maselli told the Executive Committee that a new Department of Education rule that requires only 30 college credits to receive a county substitute teaching certificate also applies to coaches.
The old rule had been 60 college credits were needed. Many coaches work at schools based on the fact that they have a substitute teaching certificate in that district. Now, prospective coaches only need 30 college credits to be eligible to coach.