Refine Your Final Word With 10 Alternatives To “In Conclusion”

  • Alternatives To In Conclusion

Wrapping up a presentation or a paper can be deceptively difficult. It seems like it should be easy—after all, your goal is to summarize the ideas you’ve already presented and possibly make a call to action. You don’t have to find new information; you just have to share what you already know.

Here’s where it gets tricky, though. Oftentimes, it turns out that the hardest part about writing a good conclusion is avoiding repetition.

That’s where we can help, at least a little bit. When it comes to using a transition word or phrase to kick off your conclusion, the phrase in conclusion is frequently overused. It’s easy to understand why—it is straightforward. But there are far more interesting and attention-grabbing words and phrases you can use in your papers and speeches to signal that you have reached the end.

One of the simplest  synonyms  of in conclusion is  in summary .  This transition phrase signals that you are going to briefly state the main idea or conclusion of your research. Like  in conclusion , it is formal enough to be used both when writing an academic paper and when giving a presentation.

  • In summary,  despite multiple experimental designs, the research remains inconclusive.
  • In summary , there is currently unprecedented interest in our new products.

A less formal version of  in summary  is  to sum up . While this phrase expresses the same idea, it's more commonly found in oral presentations rather than written papers in this use.

  • To sum up,  we have only begun to discover the possible applications of this finding.

let's review or to review

A conclusion doesn't simply review the main idea or argument of a presentation. In some cases, a conclusion includes a more complete assessment of the evidence presented. For example, in some cases, you might choose to briefly review the chain of logic of an argument to demonstrate how you reached your conclusion. In these instances, the expressions  let's review  or  to review  are good signposts.

The transition phrases  let's review  and  to review  are most often used in spoken presentations, not in written papers. Unlike the other examples we have looked at,  let's review  is a complete sentence on its own.

  • Let's review.  First, he tricked the guard. Then, he escaped out the front door.
  • To review:  we developed a special kind of soil, and then we planted the seeds in it.

A classy alternative to in conclusion , both in papers and presentations, is in closing . It is a somewhat formal expression, without being flowery. This transition phrase is especially useful for the last or penultimate sentence of a conclusion. It is a good way to signal that you are nearly at the bitter end of your essay or speech. A particularly common way to use in closing is to signal in an argumentative piece that you are about to give your call to action (what you want your audience to do).

  • In closing, we should all do more to help save the rainforest.
  • In closing, I urge all parties to consider alternative solutions such as the ones I have presented.

in a nutshell

The expression in a nutshell is a cute and informal metaphor used to indicate that you are about to give a short summary. (Imagine you're taking all of the information and shrinking it down so it can fit in a nutshell.) It's appropriate to use in a nutshell both in writing and in speeches, but it should be avoided in contexts where you're expected to use a serious, formal register .

  • In a nutshell, the life of this artist was one of great triumph and great sadness.
  • In a nutshell, the company spent too much money and failed to turn a profit.

The expression in a nutshell can also be used to signal you've reached the end of a summarized story or argument that you are relating orally, as in "That's the whole story, in a nutshell."

[To make a] long story short

Another informal expression that signals you're about to give a short summary is to make a long story short , sometimes abbreviated to simply long story short. The implication of this expression is that a lengthy saga has been cut down to just the most important facts. (Not uncommonly, long story short is used ironically to indicate that a story has, in fact, been far too long and detailed.)

Because it is so casual, long story short is most often found in presentations rather than written papers. Either the full expression or the shortened version are appropriate, as long as there isn't an expectation that you be formal with your language.

  • Long story short, the explorers were never able to find the Northwest Passage.
  • To make a long story short, our assessments have found that there is a large crack in the foundation.

If using a transitional expression doesn't appeal to you, and you would rather stick to a straightforward transition word, you have quite a few options. We are going to cover a couple of the transition words you may choose to use to signal you are wrapping up, either when giving a presentation or writing a paper.

The first term we are going to look at is ultimately . Ultimately is an adverb that means "in the end; at last; finally." Typically, you will want to use it in the first or last sentence of your conclusion. Like in closing , it is particularly effective at signaling a call to action.

  • Ultimately, each and every single person has a responsibility to care about this issue.
  • Ultimately, the army beat a hasty retreat and the war was over.

Another transition word that is good for conclusions is lastly , an adverb meaning "in conclusion; in the last place; finally." Lastly can be used in informational or argumentative essays or speeches. It is a way to signal that you are about to provide the last point in your summary or argument. The word lastly is most often used in the first or last sentence of a conclusion.

  • Lastly, I would like to thank the members of the committee and all of you for being such a gracious audience.
  • Lastly, it must be noted that the institution has not been able to address these many complaints adequately.

The word overall is particularly good for summing up an idea or argument as part of your conclusion. Meaning "covering or including everything," overall is a bit like a formal synonym for "in a nutshell."

Unlike the other examples we have looked at in this slideshow, it is not unusual for overall to be found at the end of a sentence, rather than only at the beginning.

  • Overall, we were very pleased with the results of our experiment.
  • The findings of our study indicate that there is a lot of dissatisfaction with internet providers overall.

asking questions

Using traditional language like the options we have outlined so far is not your only choice when it comes to crafting a strong conclusion. If you are writing an argumentative essay or speech, you might also choose to end with one or a short series of open-ended or leading questions. These function as a creative call to action and leave the audience thinking about the arguments you have made.

In many cases, these questions begin with a WH-word , such as who or what. The specifics will vary spending on the argument being made, but here are a few general examples:

  • When it comes to keeping our oceans clean, shouldn't we be doing more?
  • Who is ultimately responsible for these terrible mistakes?

on a final note

Before we wrap up, we want to leave you with one last alternative for in conclusion . The expression on a final note signals that you are about to give your final point or argument. On a final note is formal enough to be used both in writing and in speeches. In fact, it can be used in a speech as a natural way to transition to your final thank yous.

  • On a final note, thank you for your time and attention.
  • On a final note, you can find more synonyms for in conclusion here.

The next time you are working on a conclusion and find yourself stuck for inspiration, try out some of these expressions. After all, there is always more than one way to write an ending.

No matter how you wrap up your project, keep in mind there are some rules you don't always have to follow! Let's look at them here.

Ways To Say

conclusion words like

Synonym of the day

Synonyms of conclusion

  • as in inference
  • as in decision
  • as in outcome
  • as in ending
  • as in cessation
  • More from M-W
  • To save this word, you'll need to log in. Log In

Thesaurus Definition of conclusion

Synonyms & Similar Words

  • determination
  • consequence
  • deliverance
  • presumption
  • supposition
  • instruction
  • adjudication
  • disposition
  • commandment

Antonyms & Near Antonyms

  • matter of course
  • implication
  • development
  • precipitate
  • aftereffect
  • ramification
  • repercussion
  • side reaction
  • side effect
  • by - product
  • consideration
  • determinant
  • inspiration
  • instigation
  • culmination
  • consummation
  • grand finale
  • homestretch
  • high - water mark
  • coup de grace
  • coup de grâce
  • introduction
  • termination
  • discontinuation
  • discontinuance
  • interruption
  • continuation
  • continuance
  • persistence
  • prolongation

Phrases Containing conclusion

  • draw a conclusion

Thesaurus Entries Near conclusion


Cite this Entry

“Conclusion.” Thesaurus , Merriam-Webster, Accessed 7 Dec. 2023.

More from Merriam-Webster on conclusion

Nglish: Translation of conclusion for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of conclusion for Arabic Speakers

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

Play Quordle: Guess all four words in a limited number of tries.  Each of your guesses must be a real 5-letter word.

Can you solve 4 words at once?

Word of the day.

See Definitions and Examples »

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Games & Quizzes

Play Blossom: Solve today's spelling word game by finding as many words as you can using just 7 letters. Longer words score more points.

  • Features for Creative Writers
  • Features for Work
  • Features for Higher Education
  • Features for Teachers
  • Features for Non-Native Speakers
  • Learn Blog Grammar Guide Community Academy FAQ
  • Grammar Guide

List of 50 "In Conclusion" Synonyms—Write Better with ProWritingAid

Alex Simmonds

Alex Simmonds

Cover image for in conclusion article

Table of Contents

Why is it wrong to use "in conclusion" when writing a conclusion, what can i use instead of "in conclusion" for an essay, what are some synonyms for "in conclusion" in formal writing, what are some synonyms for "in conclusion" in informal writing, what is another word for "in conclusion", what should a conclusion do in an article or paper.

The final paragraphs of any paper can be extremely difficult to get right, and yet they are probably the most important. They offer you a chance to summarize the points you have made into a neat package and leave a good impression on the reader.

Many people choose to start the last paragraph with the phrase in conclusion , but this has its downsides.

Firstly, you should only use it once. Any more than that and your essay will sound horribly repetitive. Secondly, there is the question of whether you should even use the phrase at all?

Image showing synonyms for in conclusion

Though it’s okay to use in conclusion in a speech or presentation, when writing an essay it comes across as stating the obvious. The phrase will come across as a bit unnecessary or "on the nose."

Its use in an essay is clichéd, and there are far cleaner and more elegant ways of indicating that you are going to be concluding the paper. Using in conclusion might even irritate and alienate your audience or readers.

Thankfully, there are hundreds of synonyms available in the English language which do a much better (and much more subtle) job of drawing a piece of writing to a close.

The key is to choose ones which suit the tone of the paper. Here we will look at both formal options for an essay or academic paper, and informal options for light-hearted, low key writing, or speeches.

Image showing as has been demonstrated in a sentence

If you are writing an academic essay, a white paper, a business paper, or any other formal text, you will want to use formal transitional expressions that successfully work as synonyms for in conclusion .

The following are some suggestions you could use:

As has been demonstrated

A simple way of concluding all your points and summarizing everything you have said is to confidently state that those points have convincingly proven your case:

As the research has demonstrated , kids really do love chocolate.

As all the above points have demonstrated , Dan Brown really was the most technically gifted writer of the 20th Century.

As has been demonstrated in this paper , the side-effects of the vaccine are mild in comparison to the consequences of the virus.

As has been shown

This is another way of saying as has been demonstrated , but perhaps less scientific and more literary. As has been shown would work well in literature, history, or philosophy essays.

For example:

As has been shown above , the First World War and industrialization were the drivers for a new way of seeing the world, reflected in Pound’s poetry.

In the final analysis

This is a great expression to use in your conclusion, since it’s almost as blunt as in conclusion , but is a more refined and far less clichéd way of starting the concluding paragraph.

Once you have finished your argument and started drawing things to a close, using in the final analysis allows you to tail nicely into your last summation.

In the final analysis , there can be little doubt that Transformers: Dark of the Moon represents a low point in the history of cinema.

Image showing final analysis as a substitute for in conclusion

Along with let’s review , this is short and blunt way of announcing that you intend to recap the points you have made so far, rather than actually drawing a conclusion.

It definitely works best when presenting or reading out a speech, but less well in an essay or paper.

However, it does work effectively in a scientific paper or if you wish to recap a long train of thought, argument, or sequence before getting to the final concluding lines.

To review , of the two groups of senior citizens, one was given a placebo and the other a large dose of amphetamines.

Image showing phrases to use instead of in conclusion

Another phrase you could consider is in closing . This is probably better when speaking or presenting because of how double-edged it is. It still has an in conclusion element to it, but arguably it could also work well when drawing an academic or scientific paper to a conclusion.

For example, it is particularly useful in scientific or business papers where you want to sum up your points, and then even have a call to action:

In closing then, it is clear that as a society, we all need to carefully monitor our consumption of gummy bears.

Or in an academic paper, it offers a slightly less blunt way to begin a paragraph:

In closing , how do we tie all these different elements of Ballard’s writing together?

Perhaps the most similar expression to in conclusion is in summary . In summary offers a clear indication to the reader that you are going to restate the main points of your paper and draw a conclusion from those points:

In summary , Existentialism is the only philosophy that has any real validity in the 21st century.

In summary , we believe that by switching to a subscription model...

On top of those previously mentioned, here are some other phrases that you can use as an alternative to in conclusion :

To summarize

Overall, it may be said

Taking everything into account

On the whole

In general, it can be said that

With this in mind

Considering all this

Everything considered

As a final observation

Considering all of the facts

For the most part

In light of these facts

When it comes to finishing up a speech, a light-hearted paper, blog post, or magazine article, there are a couple of informal phrases you can use rather than in conclusion :

In a nutshell

The phrase in a nutshell is extremely informal and can be used both in speech and in writing. However, it should never be used in academic or formal writing.

It could probably be used in informal business presentations, to let the audience know that you are summing up in a light-hearted manner:

In a nutshell , our new formula Pro Jazzinol shampoo does the same as our old shampoo, but we get to charge 20% more for it!

You can also use it if you want to get straight to the point at the end of a speech or article, without any fluff:

In a nutshell , our new SocialShocka app does what it says on the tin—gives you an electric shock every time you try to access your social media!

At the end of the day

This is a pretty useful expression if you want to informally conclude an argument, having made all your points. It basically means in the final reckoning or the main thing to consider is , but said in a more conversational manner:

At the end of the day , he will never make the national team, but will make a good living as a professional.

At the end of the day , the former President was never destined to unite the country…

Image showing a wedding toast

Long story short

Another informal option when replacing in conclusion is to opt for to make a long story short —sometimes shortened to long story short .

Again, this is not one you would use when writing an academic or formal paper, as it is much too conversational. It’s a phrase that is far better suited to telling a joke or story to your friends:

Long story short , Billy has only gone and started his own religion!

Would you ever use it in writing? Probably not, except for at the end of friendly, low-key presentations:

Long story short , our conclusion is that you are spending far too much money on after work company bowling trips.

And possibly at the end of an offbeat magazine article or blog post:

Long story short , Henry VIII was a great king—not so great a husband though!

Other "In Conclusion" Synonyms for Informal Writing

You can use any of the synonyms in this article when writing informally, but these are particularly useful when you want your writing to sound conversational:

By and large

On a final note

Last but not least

For all intents and purposes

The bottom line is

To put it bluntly

To wrap things up

To come to the point

To wind things up

Image showing list of words to replace in conclusion

Instead of opting for one of the above expressions or idioms, there are several different singular transition words you can use instead. Here are a couple of examples:

The perfect word to tell the reader you are reaching the end of your argument. Lastly is an adverb that means "at the end" or "in summary." It is best used when you are beginning your conclusion:

Lastly , with all the previous points in mind, there is the question of why Philip K Dick was so fascinated with alternate history?

But can also be used at the very end of your conclusion too:

Lastly then, we are left with Eliot’s own words on his inspiration for "The Waste Land."

Finally does exactly the same job as lastly . It lets the reader know that you are at the final point of your argument or are about to draw your conclusion:

Finally , we can see from all the previous points that...

Another word that can be used at beginning of the conclusion is the adverb ultimately . Meaning "in the end" or "at the end of the day," it can be used as a conclusion to both informal and formal papers or articles:

Ultimately , it comes down to whether one takes an Old Testament view of capital punishment or...

It can also be used in more survey, scientific, or charity appeal style articles as a call to action of some sort:

Ultimately , we will all need to put some thought into our own carbon footprints over the next couple of years.

A good word to conclude a scientific, or survey style paper is overall . It can be used when discussing the points, arguments or results that have been outlined in the paper up until that point.

Thus, you can say:

Overall , our survey showed that most people believe you should spread the cream before you add the jam, when eating scones.

Other Transition Words to Replace "In Conclusion"

Here are a few transition word alternatives to add to your arsenal:





Pro tip: You should use transition words throughout your essay, paper, or article to guide your reader through your ideas towards your conclusion. ProWritingAid’s Transitions Report tells you how many transition words you’ve used throughout your document so you can make sure you’re supporting your readers’ understanding.

ProWritingAid transition report shows a conclusion word

It’ll also tell you what type of transitions you’ve used. If there are no conclusion words in your writing, consider using one of the synonyms from this article.

Sign up for a free ProWritingAid account to try the Transitions Report.

One of the most effective ways of finishing up a piece of writing is to ask a question, or return to the question that was asked at the beginning of the paper using. This can be achieved using how , what , why , or who .

This is sometimes referred to as the "so what?" question. This takes all your points and moves your writing (and your reader) back to the broader context, and gets the reader to ask, why are these points important? Your conclusion should answer the question "so what?" .

Image with so what question

To answer that, you circle back to the main concept or driving force of the essay / paper (usually found in the title) and tie it together with the points you have made, in a final, elegant few sentences:

How, then, is Kafka’s writing modernist in outlook?

Why should we consider Dickens’ work from a feminist perspective?

What, then , was Blake referring to, when he spoke of mind forged manacles?

In Conclusion

There are plenty of alternatives for drawing an effective and elegant close to your arguments, rather than simply stating in conclusion .

Whether you ask a question or opt for a transition expression or a single transition word, just taking the time to choose the right synonyms will make all the difference to what is, essentially, the most important part of your paper.

Want to improve your essay writing skills?

Use prowritingaid.

Are your teachers always pulling you up on the same errors? Maybe you’re losing clarity by writing overly long sentences or using the passive voice too much.

ProWritingAid helps you catch these issues in your essay before you submit it.

ProWritingAid for Students

Be confident about grammar

Check every email, essay, or story for grammar mistakes. Fix them before you press send.

Alex Simmonds is a freelance copywriter based in the UK and has been using words to help people sell things for over 20 years. He has an MA in English Lit and has been struggling to write a novel for most of the last decade. He can be found at

Get started with ProWritingAid

Drop us a line or let's stay in touch via :


  • TEFL Internship
  • TEFL Masters
  • Find a TEFL Course
  • Special Offers
  • Course Providers
  • Teach English Abroad
  • Find a TEFL Job
  • About DoTEFL
  • Our Mission
  • How DoTEFL Works

Forgotten Password

author Image

55 Other Ways to Say in Conclusion: Want a Memorable Finish?

  • Learn English
  • James Prior
  • No Comments
  • Updated July 24, 2023

Synonyms for in conclusion

In order to be a better writer or speaker, you need to use synonyms for in conclusion. After all, everyone knows ‘in conclusion’, and if you want to stand out you need to mix things up! So, if you’re ready to vary the way you end a piece of writing or finish a presentation read on for 55 alternatives for in conclusion!

Table of Contents

55 synonyms for in conclusion

What’s another word for in conclusion? Take a look at these in conclusion replacements:

  • All in all,
  • All things considered,
  • As a conclusion,
  • As a final observation,
  • As a final point,
  • As demonstrated,
  • As you can see,
  • At the end of the day,
  • Briefly to conclude,
  • By and large, we can say
  • Considering all of this,
  • Everything considered,
  • For the most part,
  • For these reasons,
  • Generally speaking,
  • In a nutshell,
  • In closing,
  • In general, it may be concluded that…
  • In summary,
  • In summation,
  • In the end,
  • It can be concluded…
  • Last but not least,
  • On a final note,
  • On the whole,
  • Simply put,
  • Summing up,
  • Taking everything into account,
  • The bottom line is…
  • The conclusion is…
  • To conclude,
  • To cut a long story short,
  • To end things off,
  • To end with,
  • To put it all together,
  • To put it briefly,
  • To summarize,
  • To wrap it all up,
  • Ultimately,
  • Upon analyzing,
  • Upon reflection,
  • Upon review,
  • With this in mind,

There you have it, 55 alternatives for in conclusion! Many of these can also be used as in conclusion transition words or as a transition phrase.

This should allow you to form a variety of in conclusion phrases for your academic essay or any other piece of writing you are working on.

If you’re not currently writing anything, but want to practice using some of these for real, check out these 50 prompts for narrative writing .

Otherwise, for some other in conclusion phrases and their pronunciation, check out this video:

But when should you use these and what is the meaning of in conclusion?

In conclusion meaning

‘In conclusion’ means to evaluate and summarise everything that came before and provide a final argument. It can be used in both the academic and professional environment and you will find it in some form or another at the end of essays, speeches, books, reports and sales pitches.

Arguably, a conclusion makes up the most important part of academic and professional writing. This is because it lets the reader know that there is a conclusion coming and forms a key part of the overall written structure. Plus, if you know how to write a conclusion that sticks in the mind of the reader, they are much more likely to remember your message.

When to use in conclusion?

In conclusion, or one of the many in conclusion synonyms, can be used at the end of a piece of writing or speaking when you want to indicate to your audience that you are approaching your closing words and are about to summarise what you have written before.

Using in conclusion in speeches and oral presentations actually works every well. Some people would argue that it works even better than in academic or professional writing, where using in conclusion may sometimes be unnecessary. Alternatively, you might just want to find a better, more suitable term to replace it. After all, that’s why we created this list!

Before we go any further, if you want an in conclusion paragraph example, let’s sum up this article:

In conclusion, a conclusion can be found at the end of a piece of writing and evaluates and summarises everything that came before. It lets the reader know what they have read and can also establish your final argument and closing position on the subject.

In conclusion or to conclude?

In conclusion and to conclude are what are known as complete synonyms and mean exactly the same thing. You can therefore interchange them as much as you like and use whichever fits best.

In summary or in conclusion?

You may have already seen variations of the word ‘summary’ in this article. In summary can be used in the same way as in conclusion, which is at the end of a piece of writing or speaking to indicate the beginning of the closing statement. However, it doesn’t have the exact same meaning as in conclusion and is therefore known as a close synonym. Nevertheless, you can replace in conclusion with in summary in most instances and it is a great example of another way to say in conclusion. Speaking of which, here are a variety of in conclusion examples using some of the other words we outlined above:

In conclusion synonyms with examples

All in all , the event was a great success.

All things considered ; it’s clear that the internet radically changed the world.

At the end of the day , he made a mistake by not preparing correctly.

By and large , we can say that polar bears prefer a cold environment.

Lastly , the computer course is clearly great value.

In a nutshell , the manager hadn’t resolved his problem.

In brief , the meeting didn’t go well.

In conclusion , squirrels preferred acorns to nuts from the supermarket.

In short , they weren’t ready and this caused their downfall.

In sum , they should reduce their expenses.

In summary , money is needed in order to survive.

In the end , a draw was a fair result.

Last but not least , it will definitely help the employees.

On the whole , I’m against the statement.

To conclude , DVDs were always going to be replaced by new technology.

To sum up , there is only one obvious solution.

To summarise , this wasn’t the right approach.

Ultimately , they decided on the best course of action.

  • Recent Posts

James Prior

  • 13 Types of Essays: Examples and Quick Guide - December 6, 2023
  • How To Write an Essay in English: 11 Tips To Write a Great Essay - November 28, 2023
  • 19 Best Online Quiz Makers For 2024: Elevate Your Quizzes Today! - November 27, 2023

More from DoTEFL

Words with multiple meanings

39 English Words With Multiple Meanings

  • Updated November 20, 2023

Online English teaching jobs you can do without a degree

6 Online English Teaching Jobs That Don’t Require a Degree

  • Updated November 2, 2023

Synonyms for in conclusion

How to Create a Teacher Website in 2023 (Ultimate Guide)

How to brand your business

How to Brand Your Business to Get More Clients

  • Updated September 28, 2023

Insure vs Ensure

Insure vs Ensure vs Assure: Difference, Meanings & Examples

  • Updated October 19, 2023
  • The global TEFL course directory.
  • Words with Friends Cheat
  • Wordle Solver
  • Word Unscrambler
  • Scrabble Dictionary
  • Anagram Solver
  • Wordscapes Answers

Make Our Dictionary Yours

Sign up for our weekly newsletters and get:

  • Grammar and writing tips
  • Fun language articles
  • #WordOfTheDay and quizzes

By signing in, you agree to our Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy .

We'll see you in your inbox soon.

57 Synonyms for "In Conclusion" To Use in Your Writing

Sometimes "in conclusion" is too on the nose

Some alternatives for "in conclusion" in a list from the article.

  • DESCRIPTION In conclusion hero image
  • SOURCE Created by YourDictionary via Getty Images via Getty Images
  • PERMISSION Owned by YourDictionary, copyright YourDictionary

After writing an incredible introduction and incisive body paragraphs, you might have trouble knowing how to properly close your essay or research paper. While there’s nothing wrong with in conclusion as an old standby, it doesn’t hurt to spread your wings and find some better synonyms for in conclusion .

Common Alternatives for “In Conclusion”

You don’t want to sound repetitive in your writing, so here are some common words and phrases you can use instead of in conclusion if needed.

  • all things considered
  • by and large
  • most importantly
  • taking all of this into account
  • to conclude

A list of 5 other words for "very" from the article.

150+ Other Words To Use Instead of "Very"

Formal and Professional “In Conclusion” Synonyms

If you’re working on an essay , research paper , or other more formal, professional pieces of writing , you might want to sound more professional in your concluding paragraphs too.

Trying using one of these alternatives for in conclusion to state your closing points confidently. 

  • as a result
  • as indicated
  • categorically
  • predominantly
  • in summation
  • to summarize
  • in the final analysis
  • upon consideration
  • upon further analysis
  • upon further review
  • upon investigation
  • upon reflection
  • upon review

Informal or Casual Synonyms for “In Conclusion”

For truly lax writing or intensely friendly conversations that require a proper conclusion, you have plenty of informal in conclusion synonyms at your disposal.

  • after all is said and done
  • as you can see
  • at the end of the day
  • for the most part
  • in a nutshell
  • in the main
  • last but not least
  • now that we've reached the end
  • to bring things to a close
  • to bring things together
  • to sum things up
  • to wrap things up
  • to wind things up
  • what really matters is
  • without further ado

Printable List of Alternatives for 'In Conclusion'

For a shorter visual list of other ways to say "in conclusion," print or save the list below. You'll have quick access to alternatives any time you need them.

List of synonyms for "in conclusion" from the article

  • DESCRIPTION In conclusion printable
  • SOURCE Created by YourDictionary
  • PERMISSION Attribution-Non Derivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-ND 4.0)

Is It Better To Not Use “In Conclusion” At All?

For some, in conclusion can seem redundant or otherwise unnecessary. A reader can likely figure out they’re at the conclusion of an essay.

However, in conclusion can act as a mental signal for you in your writing, allowing you to craft the perfect conclusion paragraph . So if you’re not sure about using in conclusion or incorporating any of its synonyms, try getting rid of it to see if your writing feels more natural.

lists of other words for "said" by tone from the article

130+ Other Words for "Said": Using Synonyms In Your Writing


50+ Synonyms for “In Conclusion” with Examples | Other Ways to Say “In Conclusion”

Crafting a well-rounded conclusion is essential to the impact of your writing. It’s the final opportunity to emphasize the main points and create a lasting impression. While the classic phrase “in conclusion” signals the end of your discourse, it can become tiresome with overuse. There are numerous alternatives that can enhance your writing with subtlety and sophistication.

Table of Contents

In Conclusion Synonyms

50+ Synonyms for “In Conclusion” with Examples | Other Ways to Say "In Conclusion"

In Conclusion Meaning

“ In conclusion ” is a transitional phrase used to indicate that you are approaching the end of your writing. It serves to summarize the main points or indicate a final thought or opinion. Using synonyms for “in conclusion” can help maintain your reader’s interest and offer a sense of variety and sophistication in your writing.

  • In conclusion , the research findings strongly support the need for additional funding in the healthcare sector.
  • In conclusion , it is crucial to prioritize sustainability in all future urban development projects.
  • In conclusion , it is imperative to reevaluate the current marketing strategy to reach a wider audience.

List of Synonyms for In Conclusion

  • In summary,…
  • After all is said and done,..
  • All in all,…
  • All things considered,…
  • As a result,…
  • As a final observation,…
  • At the end of the day…
  • Briefly to conclude…
  • Bringing up rear,…
  • By and large,…
  • Considering all of these,…
  • Everything considered,…
  • Finally, it may be concluded…
  • Finally/ Lastly,…
  • In a nutshell…
  • In closing,…
  • In concluding,…
  • In consolidation,…
  • In ending this,…
  • In essence,…
  • In review,…
  • In the end,…
  • In the final analysis…
  • It is concluded that…
  • It’s apparent that through…
  • Last but not least…
  • On a final note…
  • On the whole,…
  • Overall, it may be said…
  • Summing up,…
  • Taking everything into account,…
  • Taking this into account,…
  • The research papers in the main…
  • To briefly paraphrase…
  • To come to the point…
  • To conclude,…
  • To end things off…
  • To make the long story short…
  • To put it all together…
  • To put it bluntly…
  • To sum up,…
  • To summarise the above…
  • To summarise,…
  • To wrap it all up,…
  • Ultimately,..

Types of Synonyms for In Conclusion

  • In summary : To summarize, in short, to sum up
  • Finally : Ultimately, lastly, in the end
  • To conclude : To wrap up, to finish, to close
  • Overall : All in all, in general, on the whole
  • In closing : To end, in finality, to finish off

Common Synonyms for In Conclusion

In conclusion vs. in summary.

The phrases “ in conclusion ” and “ in summary ” are often used to signal the end of a discussion or presentation, but they have slightly different connotations.

“ In conclusion ” is typically used to emphasize the final remarks or main points of an argument or presentation. It often indicates a more formal and definitive ending to the discussion.

“ In summary ” is used to provide a brief overview or recap of the main points or key findings without necessarily signaling the end of the discussion. It is often used in a more neutral or objective tone.

  • In conclusion , the evidence overwhelmingly supports the need for stricter environmental regulations.
  • In summary , the study highlighted the correlation between regular exercise and improved cognitive function.

In Conclusion vs. In A Nutshell

“ In conclusion ” is typically used to summarize the main points or arguments of a discussion or presentation. It is often used at the end of an essay, speech, or formal presentation to bring together the key ideas and provide a sense of closure.

“ In a nutshell ” is also used to summarize information, but it tends to be more informal and concise. It is often used in casual conversations or when providing a quick overview of a complex topic.

  • In conclusion , it is clear that climate change presents a significant threat to the planet, and urgent action is needed to address this issue.
  • In a nutshell , the new tax policy aims to simplify the tax code and reduce the burden on middle-income earners.

In Conclusion vs. To Sum Up

“ In conclusion ” and “ to sum up ” are both phrases used to signal the end of a discussion or presentation and to summarize the main points. 

“ In conclusion ” is typically used in formal writing or public speaking to signal the final thoughts or remarks on a topic.

“ To sum up ” is more commonly used in informal conversations or presentations to provide a brief overview or recap of the main points.

  • The team’s research clearly demonstrates the need for more sustainable practices in the manufacturing industry. In conclusion , it is imperative that we take immediate action to reduce our environmental impact.
  • To sum up , the key takeaways from today’s meeting are increased productivity and better communication.

Synonyms for In Conclusion in Different Contexts

Formal writing.

  • To summarize: To summarize,  the quarterly results exceeded expectations due to a rise in online sales.
  • Ultimately: Ultimately,  the merger between the two firms will lead to a greater market share.
  • Finally: Finally , to denote the last point in a series.

Academic Essays

  • In summary: In summary,  the experiment’s outcomes support the initial hypothesis.
  • Overall: Overall,  the literature points to a need for further research in this area.


  • In closing: In closing,  I’d like to thank everyone for their active participation.
  • To wrap this up: To wrap this up,  let’s revisit the main points discussed today.

Business Meetings

  • In brief: In brief,  we must increase our marketing efforts to meet our sales targets.
  • To conclude: To conclude,  I propose a follow-up meeting next week to discuss the implementation plan.

Daily Communication 

Casual conclusions.

  • In a nutshell: In a nutshell , the game was thrilling.
  • In short: In short , it was a great day.

Informal Summarizations

  • So: So , we’ll touch base next week.
  • Basically: Basically , that’s what happened.
  • Long story short: Long story short , it all worked out in the end.
  • To cut a long story short: To cut a long story short , we met our goals.

Absolute and Near Synonyms for In Conclusion 

Absolute synonyms for in conclusion, near synonyms for in conclusion, frequently asked questions.

What are some alternative phrases to use in place of ‘in conclusion’ for summarizing a report?

Alternative phrases that effectively summarize a report include “To summarize,” “Overall,” and “Taking everything into account.” These provide a clear signal to the reader that a summary is forthcoming without repeating the common ‘in conclusion.’

Could you provide examples of how to effectively end an essay without using ‘in conclusion’?

One way to end an essay is to say, “Ultimately,” which denotes the final point without redundancy. Another is “In summary,” which cues the reader to a wrap-up of the essay’s main points.

What does ‘in conclusion’ imply, and what are other terms with similar meanings?

‘In conclusion’ implies that you are summarizing the main points or providing a final perspective. Terms with similar meanings include “To wrap up,” “In essence,” and “To sum up.”

  • As A Result
  • Furthermore
  • Latest Posts

conclusion words like

  • NATO Meaning: What Does NATO Mean and Stand For? - December 6, 2023
  • Tarot Cards Meaning: What Do They Mean? - December 6, 2023
  • POS Meaning: What Does POS Mean and Stand For? - December 5, 2023

57 thoughts on “50+ Synonyms for “In Conclusion” with Examples | Other Ways to Say “In Conclusion””

this website has kinda helped i tghink im in sedcond grade amnd my debate teacher mrs englecow saicf WRITE ESSAY ABOUT CANDICE FLYTNN AND BE CREATIVEso i was creatubve and used these AWESOMEE ways to say in conclusipj so i used tyhis cooolllllio website also follow me on instagram @URMOM lolz. i love olive garden. worship olive garden. give all to olive garden. also stan loona lul

Very good I like it so attached to my email other information

great, thanks for the help

this doesn’t ever work with my teacher

Oh wow! This actually like pretty god articel! I love ti!

Leave a Comment Cancel reply

Related Words and Phrases

Bottom_desktop desktop:[300x250].

  • Learn English
  • Infographics

  • English Vocabulary
  • English Vocabulary Dictionary

80 In Conclusion Examples! + Translation

Tutor near me

Listen to Audio

List of ways to say in conclusion with Translation. Use these synonyms for in conclusion to be a better writer.

In Conclusion Synonyms

You can use the following expressions:

  • All in all,
  • In summary,
  • To conclude,
  • In closing,
  • Finally, it may be concluded…
  • To summarize,
  • Overall, it may be said…
  • Taking everything into account,
  • On the whole,
  • All things considered,
  • Everything considered,
  • By and large,
  • In the end,
  • In a nutshell,
  • In general,
  • As a conclusion,
  • In the long run,
  • On a final note,
  • To finish with,
  • As a matter of fact,
  • Last but not least,
  • Simply put,
  • Generally speaking,
  • Altogether,
  • Principally,
  • In a long term,
  • Ultimately,
  • To close up,
  • Considering,
  • In the final stages,
  • For all intents and purposes
  • After all, I’m done..
  • All circumstances have been considered,…
  • therefore,…
  • As a final observation,
  • At the end of the day
  • To summarize briefly
  • Lifting the back,
  • Considering all this,
  • simply put,
  • In integration,…
  • In essence,
  • Under review,
  • in the end,
  • The bottom line is
  • The conclusion is
  • Obviously, through
  • last but not least
  • the last point
  • on the whole,
  • In general, it can be said that
  • With this in mind,
  • Main research paper says,
  • Briefly explain
  • Speaking of the point
  • To end everything
  • To make a long story short
  • To put it bluntly…
  • To summarize the above,
  • To wrap it all up,…

In Conclusion Translation

In conclusion has over 600 possible synonyms , some complete synonyms and other very similar. Since in conclusion is used to conclude statements and show results , the synonyms do that as well. They are all often used to denote the final argument.

  • in a nutshell,
  • in general,
  • to conclude,
  • as a conclusion,
  • in the long run,
  • on a final note,
  • to finish with,
  • as a matter of fact,

in conclusion synonyms

image source

What does In Conclusion mean?

In conclusion means to provide a final argument . It is used to prepare the people listening or reading for your final statement . In conclusion is used at the end of essays, speeches, dissertations, books, etc.

In the most basic sense, it means exactly what is ways, that there is a conclusion coming.

Sentences with In Conclusion Examples

  • In conclusion, it is safe to say that the results show how student motivation can be increased with the help of our new method.
  • In conclusion, we have to direct our attention to the factors behind the rising crime rate, and not just the demographic it affects.
  • In conclusion, the true goal of the poet’s expression will forever remain a mystery to us.

In Summary vs In Conclusion

In summary and in conclusion are considered close synonyms. They don’t have exactly the same meaning, but they are used in very similar fashion in writing and speaking. They both appear at the ends of various arguments in order to denote the final statement.

In summary is used when you want to announce your conclusion , but you present that conclusion as a summary of all the facts previously mentioned.

In conclusion is used when you want to make a final statement , and clarify your previous arguments. This is why in summary and in conclusion are different in meaning. In summary does not denote a final statement, only a summary of the facts.

To Conclude or In Conclusion

To conclude and in conclusion are complete synonyms , so they mean the same thing. You can use whichever you like more , or whichever best fits your needs.

In Conclusion Transition Words

In conclusion, is a transitional phrase in of itself. It denotes the final argument, so it is a transition between evidence and statement.

In conclusion, is also always divided by a comma . The phrase can only be used the start of a sentence , and cannot appear anywhere else. Therefore, it is a transitional phrase.

Learn English for free

  • List of Sentence Connectors in English with Examples
  • Essential Academic Writing Examples and Phrases!
  • List of Sentence Connectors in English with Examples!
  • Discover How to Be a Successful Negotiator in English
  • Phrasal Verbs with HEAR
  • Ultimate List of 50 INTERJECTIONS with Examples
  • 👉IN OTHER WORDS Synonym 🤓 30 Other Ways to Say …
  • 👉 Linking Words: List of Sentence Connectors in English with Examples! 😃
  • Its vs. It’s
  • Films and Novels ›› Vocabulary related to Films and Novels
  • English for Sales People ›› English Sales Letter
  • how to score band 8.0 in IELTS form the first time

Browse by Category

A Adjectives B Business English C D dictionary E English grammar English Idioms English language English Learning Tips English phrases English teacher English Vocabulary English Vocabulary English words F G H how to learn english I idioms Infographic J L Learn English M N noun O P phrasal verb Q R S T teach English Teaching English as a foreign language Text Abbreviations tips U Verb W Y

  • Abbreviations
  • Advanced English Lesson
  • Beginner English
  • Business English
  • Collocations
  • Conjunctions
  • Difference Between
  • English Grammar
  • English Idioms
  • English Learning Tips
  • English Questions and Answers
  • English Speaking
  • English Test
  • English Videos
  • English Writing
  • For Teachers
  • Intermediate English
  • Listening Skills
  • Phrasal Verbs
  • Prepositions
  • Teach English
  • Uncategorized
  • Understanding
  • Useful English learning websites

Latest Comments

conclusion words like

It is a great challenge, however, it’s focused on grammar, as per spoken interactions, presents a great difference between American…

Linker words, also known as sentence connectors, play a crucial role in connecting phrases, sentences, and paragraphs for enhanced coherence…

“wie bei” wird verwendet, um eine Ähnlichkeit oder Vergleichbarkeit mit einer bestimmten Situation oder Bedingung auszudrücken. Beispiel: “Das Verfahren ist…

“Wie bisher” wird eingesetzt, um Kontinuität oder Gleichheit mit dem bisherigen Zustand oder Ereignissen auszudrücken. Beispiel: “Die Ergebnisse sind weiterhin…

“cooler als du” wird verwendet, um auszudrücken, dass jemand als cooler wahrgenommen wird als die Person, mit der er verglichen…


personalized birthday wishes

50 Creative Ways to Say Happy Birthday: My Top Picks

important person, CEO sitting in his office in a skyscraper, you can see the city in the background out of the window

48 Another Word for Impo or Important

conclusion words like

Another word for Amazingly

Bear Homophones

Bear Homophones Demystified: Expert Guide

conclusion words like

List of 100 Nursing phrases

conclusion words like

End of an Era Meaning


Can you also use “with that being said”?

Anastasia Koltai

Yes, you can. Absolutely! Really good addition!


aye that just helped me out alot thank u


This was really helpful for my essay that was due today!! Thanks a lot ^^

I am so glad I could help!


Good I also want to help


Useful list 🙂 But it would have been great if you had given examples too. Still, it is worth sharing on twitter for me 🙂

this was rlly helpful to my essay tbh

Savannah H.

This was pretty helpful and i was able to not just keep saying in conclusion for all of my school work. 🙂 But also, did anybody notice that it says 15 different ways to say in conclusion but it only gave 10?


Synonyms for opinion and secondly and I also need wow words

This was pretty helpful and i was able to not just keep saying in conclusion for all of my school work. 🙂 I am super proud you people are excellent!


This was an amazing list, came in useful so many times!!



prefixes and suffixes

👉 A BIG List of Prefixes and Suffixes and Their Meanings

thank you sayings

200 Phrases for saying THANK YOU in any situation!

formal email phrases

Formal and Informal Email Phrases – from Greetings to Closing Phrases!


Linking Words: List of Sentence Connectors in English with Examples!


Types of Adverb 🦠 Adverb Examples [All You Need]

baby animals and their parents names

90 Names of Baby Animals and Their Parents

english learning chat room

Talk to Strangers / Free Chat Rooms

english grammar and vocabulary quiz, test, questions, examine

English Level Test


6 Ways to Immediately Improve Your English Communication Skills

prefixes and suffixes

What does TBH mean? (TBH full form) on Facebook, Instagram, Texting

Subject and Predicate

Subject and Predicate Exercises! –

good luck sayings

15 GOOD LUCK Sayings! Other Ways to Say ‘Good Luck”

Stay connected, editor picks.

jungle book panther

Meet the Jungle Book Panther named Bagheera: Fierce, Wise, and Endearing

complex sentences and compound sentences

Complex Sentences and Compound Complex Sentences in English

happy birthday

Celebrating Another Year: Tips to Make a Happy Birthday Special

Popular posts, popular category.

  • Q&A 2431
  • English Vocabulary 623
  • English Vocabulary Dictionary 362
  • English Grammar 200
  • Synonyms 147
  • Infographics 109
  • Collocations 105
  • Learn English 81
  • English Idioms 67
  • Privacy Policy
  • Terms & Conditions

40+ Fresh Ways to Say “In Conclusion”

In you find yourself repetitive and constantly using same words, you might be surprised there are many other ways to say ‘ in conclusion ‘ in the English language. Need a replacement for “in conclusion”? Here you can find plenty of other ways to say this common conclusion transition phrase. You can easily enrich your emails, writing, essay and academic papers.

Other Ways to Say ” In Conclusion”

Check Also: ☛ Other Ways to Say SAID + PDF ✔ ☛ Other Ways To Say Commonly Used English Expressions ☛ Useful Academic Expressions & Phrases For Essay Writing

conclusion words like

You May Also Like


Test Your Prepositions – Online Quiz


Difference Between Who and Whom


25+ Common Proverbs and Their Meanings in English

To end the story I can tell you…

To sum up everything that has been said,


  1. Como Hacer Una Conclusion

    conclusion words like

  2. In Conclusion Synonym: 30 Different Ways to Say In Conclusion

    conclusion words like

  3. Word Conclusion of Wooden Letters Stock Photo

    conclusion words like

  4. 42 Summary & conclusion transition words (with examples)

    conclusion words like

  5. 40+ Fresh Ways to Say "In Conclusion"

    conclusion words like

  6. Conclusion Word Dictionary Conclusion Concept

    conclusion words like


  1. Wordle in a Minute

  2. IELTS Writing conclusion words

  3. When you say “in conclusion”

  4. what is the conclusion?

  5. Different ways to say in conclusion 🇬🇧 #english #englishgrammar #englishvocabulary #esl

  6. Wasteland Haze


  1. How Many Paragraphs Are Typical for a 250-Word Essay?

    A 250-word essay is complete with a minimum of three paragraphs and a maximum of five or six. A simple, and yet effective, structure for a 250-word essay includes an introduction and a conclusion, with three additional paragraphs making up ...

  2. What Is a Conclusion in Math?

    In an “if-then” statement in math, the “then” part of the statement is the conclusion. It is the part of the statement that is the end result. In geometry, a proof is written in an if-then format.

  3. What Is a Converse in Geometry?

    The converse in geometry applies to a conditional statement. In a conditional statement, the words “if” and “then” are used to show assumptions and conclusions that are to be arrived at using logical reasoning. This is often used in theorem...

  4. 61 Synonyms & Antonyms for CONCLUSION

    On this page you'll find 145 synonyms, antonyms, and words related to conclusion, such as: closure, completion, consequence, denouement, development, and ending

  5. Refine Your Final Word With 10 Alternatives To “In Conclusion”

    This transition phrase signals that you are going to briefly state the main idea or conclusion of your research. Like in conclusion, it is

  6. CONCLUSION Synonyms: 213 Similar and Opposite Words

    Synonyms for CONCLUSION: inference, deduction, determination, decision, verdict, assumption, consequence, induction; Antonyms of CONCLUSION: tie, draw

  7. 10 Synonyms for In Conclusion: Formal & Casual Phrases

    Ultimately is an effective transition word you can use in place of in conclusion. It indicates that you've clearly expressed the central idea of

  8. List of 50 "In Conclusion" Synonyms—Write Better with ProWritingAid

    Perhaps the most similar expression to in conclusion is in summary. In ... Other Transition Words to Replace "In Conclusion". Here are a few

  9. 55 Other Ways to Say in Conclusion: Want a Memorable Finish?

    You can therefore interchange them as much as you like and use

  10. 57 Synonyms for "In Conclusion" To Use in Your Writing

    Common Alternatives for “In Conclusion” · all in all · all things considered · altogether · as a rule · by and large · finally · in the end · largely

  11. 50+ Synonyms for “In Conclusion” with Examples

    Conclusion Transition Words · How to Improve Writing · Paraphrase · Formal

  12. What is another word for conclusion?

    Find 3073 synonyms for conclusion and other similar words that you can use instead based on 16 separate contexts from our thesaurus.

  13. 80 In Conclusion Examples! + Translation

    You can use whichever you like more, or whichever best fits your needs. In Conclusion Transition Words. In conclusion, is a transitional

  14. 40+ Fresh Ways to Say "In Conclusion"

    You May Also Like. image · Formal and Informal Phrasal Verbs. | In Vocabulary.